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There are advantages to conducting cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies at a field strength of 3.0 Telsa, including the increase in bulk magnetization, the increase in frequency separation of off-resonance spins, and the increase in T1 of many tissues. However, there are significant challenges to routinely performing CMR at 3.0 T, including the(More)
Studies of flow in a 90%-stenosis phantom were conducted to elucidate the parameters and mechanisms responsible for signal loss in MR angiographic images. The studies independently evaluated the effect of velocity, Reynolds number, turbulent fluctuation velocity, and turbulence intensity on the amount of post-stenotic signal loss. Results suggested that the(More)
Over the last several years, cardiovascular MRI has benefited from a number of technical advances which have improved routine clinical imaging techniques. As a result, MRI is now well positioned to realize its longstanding promise of becoming the comprehensive cardiac imaging test of choice in many clinical settings. This may be achieved using a combination(More)
Computed tomography (CT) slices are combined with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate the flow patterns in a human left coronary artery. The vascular model was reconstructed from CT slices scanned from a healthy volunteer in vivo. The spatial resolution of the slices is 0.6 x 0.6 x 0.625 mm so that geometrical details of the local wall surface of(More)
Wall shear stress (WSS) has been investigated as a potential prospective marker to identify rapidly progressing coronary artery disease (CAD) and potential for lesions to acquire vulnerable characteristics. Previous investigations, however, are limited by a lack of understanding of the focal association between WSS and CAD progression (i.e., data are(More)
Evaluating the in vivo accuracy of magnetic resonance phase velocity mapping (PVM) is not straightforward because of the absence of a validated clinical flow quantification technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate PVM by investigating its precision, both in vitro and in vivo, in a 1.5 Tesla scanner. In the former case, steady and pulsatile flow(More)
Improved myocardium-blood contrast by myocardial suppression resulting from T1 rho-weighting in contrast-enhanced, gradient-echo, bright-blood cine images, acquired at 1.5T, is shown. In the standard images, blood has twice the intensity of muscle. In similar T1 rho-weighted images, it has 3-4 times the intensity of muscle. A composite spin-lock pulse(More)
This study evaluated the utility of cardiac MRI for assessing the impact of myocardial infarction (MI) on cardiac structure and function in mice following reperfused 1- or 2-hr occlusions of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). When assessed 1 day after MI, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) had declined by more than half, and(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous criteria believed to define a positive response to cardiac resynchronization therapy have been used in the literature. No study has investigated agreement among these response criteria. We hypothesized that the agreement among the various response criteria would be poor. METHODS AND RESULTS A literature search was conducted with the(More)
A simplified in vitro model of the spinal canal, based on in vivo magnetic resonance imaging, was used to examine the hydrodynamics of the human spinal cord and subarachnoid space with syringomyelia. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of subarachnoid (SAS) geometry and cerebrospinal fluid velocity were acquired in a patient with(More)