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There are advantages to conducting cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies at a field strength of 3.0 Telsa, including the increase in bulk magnetization, the increase in frequency separation of off-resonance spins, and the increase in T1 of many tissues. However, there are significant challenges to routinely performing CMR at 3.0 T, including the(More)
Studies of flow in a 90%-stenosis phantom were conducted to elucidate the parameters and mechanisms responsible for signal loss in MR angiographic images. The studies independently evaluated the effect of velocity, Reynolds number, turbulent fluctuation velocity, and turbulence intensity on the amount of post-stenotic signal loss. Results suggested that the(More)
Wall shear stress (WSS) has been investigated as a potential prospective marker to identify rapidly progressing coronary artery disease (CAD) and potential for lesions to acquire vulnerable characteristics. Previous investigations, however, are limited by a lack of understanding of the focal association between WSS and CAD progression (i.e., data are(More)
Time-of-flight magnetic resonance (MR) angiography is currently limited in the evaluation of arterial stenoses by flow-induced signal loss. This signal loss has been attributed to phase dispersion and to phase misregistration. We have developed a fluid mechanics model of 2D time-of-flight MR angiograms to study the amount of signal loss caused by random(More)
Improved myocardium-blood contrast by myocardial suppression resulting from T1 rho-weighting in contrast-enhanced, gradient-echo, bright-blood cine images, acquired at 1.5T, is shown. In the standard images, blood has twice the intensity of muscle. In similar T1 rho-weighted images, it has 3-4 times the intensity of muscle. A composite spin-lock pulse(More)
This study evaluated the utility of cardiac MRI for assessing the impact of myocardial infarction (MI) on cardiac structure and function in mice following reperfused 1- or 2-hr occlusions of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). When assessed 1 day after MI, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) had declined by more than half, and(More)
Encephalitis caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a devastating disease that occurs mostly in profoundly immunocompromised individuals, particularly in the setting of advanced HIV infection or organ transplantation. Imaging findings in AIDS-associated cytomegalovirus encephalitis that have been described range from ventriculitis (more common) to solitary mass(More)
Evaluating the in vivo accuracy of magnetic resonance phase velocity mapping (PVM) is not straightforward because of the absence of a validated clinical flow quantification technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate PVM by investigating its precision, both in vitro and in vivo, in a 1.5 Tesla scanner. In the former case, steady and pulsatile flow(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery motion can decrease image quality during coronary magnetic resonance angiography and computed tomography coronary angiography. PURPOSE To characterize the three-dimensional motion of the coronary arteries along the entire vessel length and to identify the temporal location and duration of periods of relatively low cardiac motion(More)
Although several methods have been used clinically to assess aortic regurgitation (AR), there is no "gold standard" for regurgitant volume measurement. Magnetic resonance phase velocity mapping (PVM) can be used for noninvasive blood flow measurements. To evaluate the accuracy of PVM in quantifying AR with a single imaging slice in the ascending aorta, in(More)