John N Milligan

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Catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) is an enzyme-free amplification method that has previously proven useful in amplifying and transducing signals at the terminus of nucleic acid amplification reactions. Here, for the first time, we engineered CHA to be thermostable from 37 to 60 °C and in consequence have generalized its application to the real-time detection(More)
An in vitro selection method for ligand-responsive RNA sensors was developed that exploited strand displacement reactions. The RNA library was based on the thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) riboswitch, and RNA sequences capable of hybridizing to a target duplex DNA in a TPP regulated manner were identified. After three rounds of selection, RNA molecules that(More)
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of DNA is a powerful isothermal nucleic acid amplification method that can generate upward of 10(9) copies from less than 100 copies of template DNA within an hour. Unfortunately, although the amplification reactions are extremely powerful, real-time and specific detection of LAMP products remains analytically(More)
While DNA circuits are becoming increasingly useful as signal transducers, their utility is inhibited by their slow catalytic rate. Here, we demonstrate how RecA, a recombination enzyme that catalyzes sequence specific strand exchange, can be used to increase circuit rates up to 9-fold. We also show how the introduction of RNA into DNA circuits further(More)
DNA shuffling is a powerful tool to develop libraries of variants for protein engineering. Here, we present a protocol to use our freely available and easy-to-use computer program, Shuffle Optimizer. Shuffle Optimizer is written in the Python computer language and increases the nucleotide homology between two pieces of DNA desired to be shuffled together(More)
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