John N. Joslyn

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Posttraumatic cerebral infarction is a recognized complication of craniocerebral trauma, but its frequency, cause, and influence on mortality are not well defined. To ascertain this information, all cranial CT studies demonstrating posttraumatic cerebral infarction and performed during a 40-month period at our trauma center were reviewed. Posttraumatic(More)
Fractures of the clival complex were diagnosed in a series of 17 patients admitted to the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services System and the University of Maryland Medical System over a 30-month period. These fractures were divided pathologically into three types based upon their appearance on computed tomography: longitudinal, transverse, and(More)
During a 20-month period, fractures of the clivus occurring after craniocerebral trauma were diagnosed with computed tomography (CT) in 11 patients. Five patients had longitudinally oriented fractures; these were fatal in four patients due to either vertebral-basilar artery occlusion, brain stem trauma, or both. Six other patients had transversely oriented(More)
The American College of Surgery currently recommends routine performance of lateral cervical radiography of C-1 to C-7 for all patients admitted with a history of major blunt trauma. A survey of 125 North American hospitals with experience in acute trauma care revealed that 96% obtain cervical radiographs as a routine or protocol study on all patients who(More)
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis is a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by accumulation of lipofuscin and/or ceroid within the tissues of the body. These entities are manifest by visual, intellectual, and motor deterioration as well as recurrent seizures. Computed tomography has been shown to demonstrate changes of cerebral atrophy in more(More)
Twenty-one patients with acute neurologic deficits following cervical spine trauma were evaluated with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (n = 21), computed tomography enhanced with intrathecal contrast material (CT myelography) (n = 18), myelography (n = 13), cervical spine radiography (n = 21), and intraoperative sonography (n = 7). MR imaging proved(More)
This case report illustrates a cerebral aneurysm that bled into the subdural space without any clinical or radiographic evidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Both the aneurysm and the subdural hematoma were easily demonstrated on computed tomography scan. The incidence of this lesion and its possible etiology are discussed.
Lissencephaly is a rare congenital condition with distinctive brain changes. Most of these changes were demonstrated on computed tomography, and include lack of cortical sulci and gyri; calcification in the region of paraphysis; wide, shallow sylvian fissures; colpocephaly; poor development of white matter; and persistent cavum septum pellucidum and cavum(More)
Nine patients with dislocation of the cervical spinal with posterior ligamentous damage were treated with posterior internal fixation using a twisted pair of 22-gauge titanium wires and iliac crest bone fusion. Fixation using the titanium wire was compared with fixation using stainless steel wire for differences in surgical insertion, long term stability of(More)