John N Gordon

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Infliximab induces immune cell apoptosis by outside-to-inside signaling through transmembrane tumor necrosis factor-alpha (mTNF). However, in inflamed gut, myofibroblasts also produce TNF-alpha, and the affects of anti-TNF antibodies on these structural cells are unknown. We investigated the action of infliximab on apoptosis, the(More)
Cancer cachexia is a severe debilitating disorder for which there are currently few therapeutic options. It is driven by the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and cachectic factors by both host and tumour. Over the past few years, basic science advances have begun to reveal the breadth and complexity of the immunological mechanisms involved, and in the(More)
Revision of Ab L chains by secondary rearrangement in mature B cells has the potential to change the specific target of the immune response. In this study, we show for the first time that L chain revision is normal and widespread in the largest Ab producing population in man: intestinal IgA plasma cells (PC). Biases in the productive and non-productive(More)
We present the case of a 16 year old girl who developed an aggressive colitis in the context of a prior biopsy proven autoimmune pancreatitis, which presented with obstructive jaundice at the age of 13 year. This history prompted prospective investigation and the discovery of compelling evidence to make a diagnosis of IgG4-related sclerosing disease with(More)
We have identified a large population of CD3(-)7(+) cells in human fetal gut. Three- and four-color flow cytometry revealed a distinct surface Ag profile on this population; the majority were negative for CD4 and CD8, whereas most of the remainder expressed the CD8alphaalpha homodimer. In contrast about half of CD3(+) cells expressed CD4 and half expressed(More)
BACKGROUND Proinflammatory cytokines, especially tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of cancer cachexia. Thalidomide, which is an inhibitor of TNF-alpha synthesis, may represent a novel and rational approach to the treatment of cancer cachexia. AIMS To assess the safety and efficacy of thalidomide in(More)
A central issue in tumor biology is the understanding of the interactions between tumor cells and their environment. Using normal and ras oncogene transfected rat fibroblast cells, we now demonstrate that the transfected cells make altered extracellular matrices (ECM) and that their resulting ECM influence the proliferation and genetic regulation of human(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Inflammatory bowel disease is driven by an excessive immune response in the gut wall. This review summarises important new developments in understanding this immune response and the downstream mechanisms of intestinal injury, alongside their potential role in opening up new avenues of treatment. RECENT FINDINGS The evidence continues to(More)
BACKGROUND In both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) there is a marked increase in mucosal IgG plasma cells (PC), although their precise role is not well established. In this study we isolated gut PCs from patients with IBD and normal controls and analyzed cytokine production, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and tissue inhibitor of(More)
This study presents the first report of vancomycin heteroresistance in an Enterococcus faecium isolate from a patient. The original isolate was susceptible in vitro to vancomycin. E-tests showed growth of subcolonies in a zone of inhibition with a vancomycin MIC of >256 microg/ml. Both the susceptible and resistant colonies were from the same strain as(More)