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The Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory in Salsbury Cove, Maine, USA, is developing the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD), a community-supported genomic resource devoted to genes and proteins of human toxicologic significance. CTD will be the first publicly available database to a) provide annotated associations among genes, proteins,(More)
The isolated rectal gland of Squalus acanthias was stimulated to secrete chloride against an electrical and a chemical gradient when perfused in vitro by theophylline and/or dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Chloride secretion was depressed by ouabain which inhibits Na-K-ATPase. Thiocyanate and furosemide also inhibited chloride secretion but ethoxzolamide, a carbonic(More)
An unidentified atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-like substance is the principal hormone regulating NaCl secretion in the shark rectal gland, an epithelial model tissue for hormone-sensitive secondary active chloride transport. Antibodies to mammalian ANP do not recognize the prohormone of marine species. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to(More)
In the shark, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is the only cardiac natriuretic hormone identified and is a potent activator of Cl- secretion in the rectal gland, an epithelial organ of this species that contains cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl- channels. We have cloned an ancestral CNP receptor (NPR-B) from the shark rectal(More)
The effects of in vivo physiologic doses of vasopressin and 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) on the cyclic AMP content of plasma, urine, and renal papillary tissue were determined in the ADH-deficient Brattleboro rat. During clearance studies, plasma cyclic AMP concentrations and both total and nephrogenous urinary cyclic AMP excretion in(More)
Micropuncture studies were performed in rats infused with LiCl to induce stable plasma lithium concentrations of 2--3 mEq/l, or with an equivalent amount of NaCl. In free flow experiments LiCl reduced proximal tubule fractional reabsorption of sodium and potassium. Reduced reabsorption of bicarbonate, as reflected by a decrease in TF/PCl, was also observed.(More)
We evaluated demeclocycline and lithium therapy in 10 patients with the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. Despite severe water restriction, all patients had hyponatremia (mean +/- S.E.M. serum sodium of 122 +/- 1.1 meq per liter) and elevated urine osmolality (744 +/- 59 mOsm per kilogram) before treatment. Demeclocycline (600 to(More)
In recent years, a variety of low molecular weight antibiotics have been isolated from diverse animal species. These agents, which include peptides, lipids, and alkaloids, exhibit antibiotic activity against environmental microbes and are thought to play a role in innate immunity. We report here the discovery of a broad-spectrum steroidal antibiotic(More)
The etiology of most chronic diseases involves interactions between environmental factors and genes that modulate important biological processes (Olden and Wilson, 2000. Nat Rev Genet 1(2):149-153). We are developing the publicly available Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) to promote understanding about the effects of environmental chemicals on(More)
Chemicals in the environment play a critical role in the etiology of many human diseases. Despite their prevalence, the molecular mechanisms of action and the effects of chemicals on susceptibility to disease are not well understood. To promote understanding of these mechanisms, the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD; http://ctd.mdibl.org/) presents(More)