John N . Forrest

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The isolated rectal gland of Squalus acanthias was stimulated to secrete chloride against an electrical and a chemical gradient when perfused in vitro by theophylline and/or dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Chloride secretion was depressed by ouabain which inhibits Na-K-ATPase. Thiocyanate and furosemide also inhibited chloride secretion but ethoxzolamide, a carbonic(More)
The Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory in Salsbury Cove, Maine, USA, is developing the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD), a community-supported genomic resource devoted to genes and proteins of human toxicologic significance. CTD will be the first publicly available database to a) provide annotated associations among genes, proteins,(More)
Chemicals in the environment play a critical role in the etiology of many human diseases. Despite their prevalence, the molecular mechanisms of action and the effects of chemicals on susceptibility to disease are not well understood. To promote understanding of these mechanisms, the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD; presents(More)
The etiology of most chronic diseases involves interactions between environmental factors and genes that modulate important biological processes (Olden and Wilson, 2000. Nat Rev Genet 1(2):149-153). We are developing the publicly available Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) to promote understanding about the effects of environmental chemicals on(More)
In recent years, a variety of low molecular weight antibiotics have been isolated from diverse animal species. These agents, which include peptides, lipids, and alkaloids, exhibit antibiotic activity against environmental microbes and are thought to play a role in innate immunity. We report here the discovery of a broad-spectrum steroidal antibiotic(More)
In the shark, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is the only cardiac natriuretic hormone identified and is a potent activator of Cl- secretion in the rectal gland, an epithelial organ of this species that contains cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl- channels. We have cloned an ancestral CNP receptor (NPR-B) from the shark rectal(More)
The rectal gland of the dogfish shark (Squalus acanthias) is a sodium chloride secreting epithelial organ whose function was discovered in 1959 by Wendell Burger. The gland, composed of homogenous tubules of a single cell type, is an important model for secondary active chloride transport. Hormonal stimulation of chloride secretion in this system activates(More)
The present studies were carried out with the aims to determine the cDNA sequence for cyclooxygenase (COX) in an elasmobranch species and to study its role in regulation of chloride secretion in the perfused shark rectal gland (SRG). With the use of long primers (43 bp) derived from regions of homology between zebrafish and rainbow trout COX-2 genes, a(More)
The effects of adenosine receptor agonists and antagonists were examined in epithelia formed in culture by A6 cells, a continuous cell line derived from Xenopus laevis kidney. A6 epithelia have a high electrical resistance and a short-circuit current that is equal to net sodium flux from mucosal to serosal surface. Adenosine, 2-chloroadenosine,(More)
The effects of in vivo physiologic doses of vasopressin and 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) on the cyclic AMP content of plasma, urine, and renal papillary tissue were determined in the ADH-deficient Brattleboro rat. During clearance studies, plasma cyclic AMP concentrations and both total and nephrogenous urinary cyclic AMP excretion in(More)