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One of the common neurochemical features of many drugs of abuse is their ability to directly or indirectly enhance dopaminergic activity in the brain, particularly within the ventral tegmental-nucleus accumbens pathway. Dopaminergic pathways in the frontal and limbic cortex also may be targets for these agents, where pharmacological effects could result in(More)
Central cholinergic neurons are known to play a role in the pharmacological actions of opiates. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the muscarinic receptor agonist arecoline, administered during morphine self-administration, would mitigate the subsequent return to self-administration behavior. Rats self-administered increasing concentrations(More)
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