John N. Abelson

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How can molecules compute? In his early studies of reversible computation, Bennett imagined an enzymatic Turing Machine which modified a hetero-polymer (such as DNA) to perform computation with asymptotically low energy expenditures. Adleman’s recent experimental demonstration of a DNA computation, using an entirely different approach, has led to a wealth(More)
In this study we report the isolation of temperature-sensitive mutants that affect pre-mRNA splicing. A bank of approximately 1000 temperature-sensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains was generated and screened on RNA gel blots by hybridization with an actin intron probe. We isolated 16 mutants defining 11 new complementation groups prp(rna)17-prp(rna)27(More)
We report on the characterization of the yeast prp20-1 mutant. In this temperature-sensitive mutant, multiple steps of mRNA metabolism are affected. The prp20-1 mutant strain showed alterations in mRNA steady-state levels, defective mRNA splicing and changes in transcription initiation or termination when shifted from the permissive to the non-permissive(More)
Pre-mRNA introns are spliced in a macromolecular machine, the spliceosome. For each round of splicing, the spliceosome assembles de novo in a series of ATP-dependent steps involving numerous changes in RNA-RNA and RNA-protein interactions. As currently understood, spliceosome assembly proceeds by addition of discrete U1, U2, and U4/U6*U5 snRNPs to a(More)
We have analyzed the functions of several pre-mRNA processing (PRP) proteins in yeast spliceosome formation. Here, we show that PRP5 (a DEAD box helicase-like protein), PRP9, and PRP11 are each required for the U2 snRNP to bind to the pre-spliceosome during spliceosome assembly in vitro. Genetic analyses of their functions suggest that they and another(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is known to contain the highly conserved and unbiquitous protein actin. We have used cloned actin sequences from Dictyostelium discoideum to identify and clone the actin gene in yeast. Hybridization to genomic fragments of yeast DNA suggest that there is a single actin gene in yeast. We have determined the nucleotide(More)
The product of the yeast PRP22 gene acts late in the splicing of yeast pre-messenger RNA, mediating the release of the spliced mRNA from the spliceosome. The predicted PRP22 protein sequence shares extensive homology with that of PRP2 and PRP16 proteins, which are also involved in nuclear pre-mRNA splicing. The homologous region contains sequence elements(More)
We have isolated a yeast mutant, ts352, that is temperature-sensitive for growth. The mutation has a general effect on mRNA metabolism and a specific effect on tRNA biosynthesis. Cells shifted to the nonpermissive temperature accumulate tRNAs that are shorter than mature tRNAs. The increased ability of these tRNAs to accept ATP demonstrates that growth of(More)
The yeast U4/U6.U5 pre-mRNA splicing small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) is a 25S small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle similar in size, composition, and morphology to its counterpart in human cells. The yeast U4/U6.U5 snRNP complex has been purified to near homogeneity by affinity chromatography and preparative glycerol gradient sedimentation. We(More)
We have determined the structure of a DEAD box putative RNA helicase from the hyperthermophile Methanococcus jannaschii. Like other helicases, the protein contains two alpha/beta domains, each with a recA-like topology. Unlike other helicases, the protein exists as a dimer in the crystal. Through an interaction that resembles the dimer interface of insulin,(More)