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The objective of this study was to determine the effects of reduced milking frequency and increased dietary energy density in early lactation on milk production, energy balance, and subsequent fertility. Sixty-six spring-calving, multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows were assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: once-daily milking on a standard diet (1xST);(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different rumen-protected fat supplements, on reproductive performance and milk production, in grass-based spring calving cows. Two hundred and one Holstein-Friesian cows with an average lactation number of 3.6 (20% first lactation, 16% second lactation and 64% third lactation or greater) were(More)
Development in wireless access technologies and multihomed personal user devices is driving the way towards a heterogeneous wireless access network environment. Success in this arena will be reliant on the ability to offer an enhanced user experience. Users will plan to take advantage of the competition and always connect to the network which can best(More)
Efficient pasture-based milk production systems require a compact calving pattern aligned to the onset of the grazing season, a 365-day calving interval and low culling rates for infertility. Achievement of these targets requires high herd reproductive performance. While high genetic merit Holstein cows produce more milk in grass-based systems their(More)
ions. For example one method may check the balance of an account while another may approve an order, and yet another may apply a payment to an invoice. Such sessions can create memory and latency issues since their creation and management can come with much overhead due to their bulky nature. The PAD tool identified two potential bloated session beans in(More)
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on dry matter intake (DMI), milk yield, milk composition, body weight (BW), and body condition score (BCS) change of cows offered diets differing in energy density in the last 4 wk of gestation and in the first 8 wk of lactation. Three diets (grass silage:straw, 75:25 on a dry matter basis (SS),(More)
The objective was to develop a method for estimating intestinal availability of rumen undegradable protein. One-gram samples of six feedstuffs were placed into small (3.5 X 5.5 cm) nylon bags (pore size 48 micron). Bags were heat sealed and ruminally incubated in a polyester mesh (lingerie) bag in quadruplicate for each of six time periods (0, 2, 4, 8, 12,(More)
The amino (AA) profile of eight feedstuffs (two samples of fishmeal, soybean meal [SBM], formaldehyde-treated SBM, sopralin, cotton-seed meal [CSM], rapeseed meal [RSM], corn distillers grains [CDG], and corn gluten feed [CGF]) was determined before and after ruminal incubation for 8 and 12 h in three lactating Friesian cows using nylon bags. The profile of(More)
Cows on pasture were fed full fat soybeans (toasted, flaked, and pelleted) or ground full fat rapeseeds to investigate effects on cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic acid in milk. Three herds of 16 cows each that were on pasture were fed 3.1 kg/d of unmolassed beet pulp (control), 3.0 kg/d of rapeseed concentrate, or 3.1 kg/d of a soybean supplement. The(More)