Learn More
We present a formalism to compute the probability of an amino acid sequence conformation being native-like, given a set of pairwise atom-atom distances. The formalism is used to derive three discriminatory functions with different types of representations for the atom-atom contacts observed in a database of protein structures. These functions include two(More)
We have developed two methods of identifying which non-synonomous single base changes have a deleterious effect on protein function in vivo. One method, described elsewhere, analyzes the effect of the resulting amino acid change on protein stability, utilizing structural information. The other method, introduced here, makes use of the conservation and type(More)
Genetic algorithms methods utilize the same optimization procedures as natural genetic evolution, in which a population is gradually improved by selection. We have developed a genetic algorithm search procedure suitable for use in protein folding simulations. A population of conformations of the polypeptide chain is maintained, and conformations are changed(More)
The most common cause of monogenic disease is a single base DNA variant resulting in an amino acid substitution. In a previous study, we observed that a high fraction of these substitutions appear to result in reduction of stability of the corresponding protein structure. We have now investigated this phenomenon more fully. A set of structural effects, such(More)
The relationship between disease susceptibility and genetic variation is complex, and many different types of data are relevant. We describe a web resource and database that provides and integrates as much information as possible on disease/gene relationships at the molecular level. The resource http://www.SNPs3D.org has three primary modules. One module(More)
Inherited disease susceptibility in humans is most commonly associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The mechanisms by which this occurs are still poorly understood. We have analyzed the effect of a set of disease-causing missense mutations arising from SNPs, and a set of newly determined SNPs from the general population. Results of in vitro(More)
Livermore Prediction Center provides basic infrastructure for the CASP (Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction) experiments, including prediction processing and verification servers, a system of prediction evaluation tools, and interactive numerical and graphical displays. Here we outline the essentials of our approach, with discussion of the(More)
The protein folding problem and the notion of NP-completeness and NP-hardness are discussed. A lattice model is suggested to capture the essence of protein folding. For this model we present a proof that finding the lowest free energy conformation belongs to the class of NP-hard problems. The implications of the proof are discussed and we suggest that the(More)
CAPRI is a communitywide experiment to assess the capacity of protein-docking methods to predict protein-protein interactions. Nineteen groups participated in rounds 1 and 2 of CAPRI and submitted blind structure predictions for seven protein-protein complexes based on the known structure of the component proteins. The predictions were compared to the(More)
This article is an introduction to the special issue of the journal PROTEINS, dedicated to the ninth Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction (CASP) experiment to assess the state of the art in protein structure modeling. The article describes the conduct of the experiment, the categories of prediction included, and outlines the evaluation and assessment(More)