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Speech is continuous, and isolating meaningful chunks for lexical access is a nontriv-ial problem. In this paper we use neural network models and more conventional statistics to study the use of sequential phonological probabilities in the segmentation of an idealized phonological transcription of the London–Lund Corpus; these speech data are representative(More)
Village chickens are an important livestock for many rural families in Myanmar and other developing countries. Village chickens are kept under free-ranging conditions, with confinement only at night. Therefore, it is likely that some deaths are not observed by farmers. We conducted a longitudinal study from November 2003 until May 2004 to describe temporal(More)
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and dorsal anterior cingulate cortices (ACd) are considered important for reward-based decision making. However, work distinguishing their individual functional contributions has only begun. One aspect of decision making that has received little attention is that making the right choice often translates to making(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) is a widely performed bariatric operation. Preoperative factors that predict successful outcomes are currently being studied. The goal of this study was to determine if preoperative weight loss was associated with positive outcomes in patients undergoing LRYGBP. METHODS A retrospective analysis was(More)
BACKGROUND Reoperative bariatric surgery has become a common practice in many bariatric surgery programs. There is currently little evidence-based guidance regarding specific indications and outcomes for reoperative bariatric surgery. A task force was convened to review the current evidence regarding reoperative bariatric surgery. The aim of the review was(More)
INTRODUCTION The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease on outcomes following major abdominal surgery is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS The 2008 NSQIP database was queried to identify adult patients undergoing complex abdominal surgery (major colorectal, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, gastric, and esophageal operations).(More)
BACKGROUND Previous single-institution studies have documented a 0.6% to 2.4% incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with an associated 14% to 63% mortality rate. To better determine the incidence and impact of GI complications after CABG, national outcomes for CABG were examined from 1998 to 2002. (More)