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Nutrient data from a short dietary questionnaire designed for self-administration in epidemiological studies of ischaemic heart disease were compared with those from 7-day weighed dietary records obtained 2 to 6 weeks later in a sample of 119 men from the general population. For the major nutrients correlation coefficients of between 0.27 (total(More)
Possible aetiological factors for urinary incontinence were examined in a prevalence study among a random sample of 1000 women aged 18 and over. Infective factors were not markedly associated with incontinence but mechanical factors such as parity and obesity were. No association was found, however, between a history of perineal damage at childbirth and(More)
Data are presented relating to the nutritional status of over 1500 elderly subjects seen in three community surveys. There was s decline in weight, arm circumference and skinfold thickness, and to a lesser extent in Quetelet's index (weight + height2), with advancing age. Haemoglobin levels declined with age in one area but not in the others, probably due(More)
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, viscosity, fibrinogen, and blood pressure were determined in 117 men aged 44 to 60 yr selected from the general population who also completed 7-day weighed dietary records. Associations between these measurements and a number of dietary factors were assessed by(More)
Dietary, social, and constitutional determinants of plasma concentrations of some major risk factors for ischaemic heart disease were investigated in a cross sectional study among 711 men from the general population aged 30-69. For high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) six variables were significantly associated with plasma concentrations, and these(More)
Eight hundred and thirty elderly subjects who were seen in a nutritional survey were followed up after eight years. A marked decline of body weight with age, which had been evident in the original cross-sectional data, appeared to be due to a loss of weight in individuals rather than to any survival advantages of less obese persons. Indeed, over the age of(More)
An epidemiological study was carried out among a random sample of women aged 18 to 69 years to examine possible determinants of plasma high density lipoprotein and total cholesterol (HDL-C and T-C). In a multiple regression analysis consumption of alcohol, fatty fish, and parental longevity showed positive associations with HDL-C, which were statistically(More)
A study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between vitamin C status and plasma lipid concentrations in 97 fasting men. Plasma ascorbate was found to be negatively associated with total cholesterol and positively associated with both high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration and the HDL/total cholesterol ratio (P less than 0.05 in(More)
Joseph Lumbard and Abdullah Saeed were prevented from attending the seminar but their papers were presented on their behalf and are included in this volume. Paul Weston did not attend the seminar but very kindly agreed at a later stage to provide a paper on Lesslie Newbigin. Acknowledgments Georgetown University hosted the seminar that this volume records(More)