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One of the major impediments to the integration of lentic ecosystems into global environmental analyses has been fragmentary data on the extent and size distribution of lakes, ponds, and impoundments. We use new data sources, enhanced spatial resolution, and new analytical approaches to provide new estimates of the global abundance of surface-water bodies.(More)
Terrestrial ecosystems in the humid tropics play a potentially important but presently ambiguous role in the global carbon cycle. Whereas global estimates of atmospheric CO2 exchange indicate that the tropics are near equilibrium or are a source with respect to carbon, ground-based estimates indicate that the amount of carbon that is being absorbed by(More)
Yields of total fixed nitrogen and nitrogen fractions are summarized for thirty-one watersheds in which anthropogenic disturbance of the nitrogen cycle, either through land use or atmospheric deposition, is negligible or slight. These yields are taken as representative of background conditions over a broad range of watershed areas, elevations, and(More)
in rainfall indicate that local urban and agricultural areas were the major source of the ions in rainfall. the late autumn, winter, and early spring. The montane snowpack accumulates wet and dry atmospheric deposition, which may be held in storage until release during a melt period. The rugged and variable topography characteristic of alpine areas can(More)
Long-term measurements (1983–2001) of nutrients and seston in Emerald Lake (Sierra Nevada, California) have revealed ecologically significant patterns. Nitrate, both during spring runoff and during growing seasons, declined from 1983 through 1995. Declining snowmelt nitrate was caused primarily by changes in snow regime induced by the 1987–1992 drought:(More)
The Paraguay River was sampled throughout the annual cycle at two sites located downriver from most of the Pantanal, and major tributaries were occasionally sampled close to their entry into the Pantanal. The floodplains strongly modulate the discharge regime and substantially reduce runoff by enhancing evapotranspirative losses. Contact of the river water(More)
Mediterranean climate ecosystems are among the most fire-prone in the world; however, little is known about the effects of fire on mediterranean streams (med-streams). Fire impacts on med-streams are associated with increased runoff and erosion from severely burned landscapes during storms, particularly the first intense rains. Increased inputs of water,(More)
To understand the potential of using multiwavelength imaging radars to detect flooding in Amazonian floodplain forests, we simulated the radar backscatter from a flood-plain forest with a flooded or nonflooded ground condition at C-, Land nd P-bands. Field measurements of forest structure in the Anavilhanas archipelago of the Negro River, Brazil, were used(More)
Published data and analyses from temperate and tropical aquatic systems are used to summarize knowledge about the potential impact of land-use alteration on the nitrogen biogeochemistry of tropical aquatic ecosystems, identify important patterns and recommend key needs for research. The tropical N-cycle is traced from pre-disturbance conditions through the(More)