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The parasitic protozoan Leishmania is the aetiological agent of a spectrum of clinical diseases, ranging from disfiguring skin lesions to life-threatening visceral infection, and is a serious health problem in tropical and subtropical areas world-wide. Leishmania parasites undergo a dramatic transformation as they move between the different environments of(More)
Artemisinin compounds inhibit in vitro growth of cultured Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense at concentrations in the low micromolar range. Artemisinin also inhibits calcium-dependent ATPase activity in T. cruzi membranes, suggesting a mode of action via membrane pumps. Artemisinins merit further investigation as chemotherapeutic options(More)
Subtyping isolates of Trichomonas vaginalis is an essential tool for understanding the epidemiology of this common sexually-transmitted disease. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis employing a probe from the heat-inducible cytoplasmic HSP70 gene family hybridized with EcoR I-digested genomic DNA was used in the molecular typing of(More)
The Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is characterized clinically by choreoathetosis, spasticity, selfmutilation, and mental and growth retardation. Biochemically, there is a striking reduction of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) activity in affected individuals. We have examined erythrocytes from 14 patients with the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome for the(More)
A method for the isolation of Leishmania donovani amastigotes from infected hamster spleen and liver tissues is described. Over 85% of the isolated amastigotes were viable as judged by acridine orange-ethidium bromide staining and in vitro transformation to the promastigote form. A comprehensive survey of the enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism in L.(More)
An oligonucleotide probe was used to clone a cation-transporting ATPase gene from the genome of Leishmania donovani. The nucleotide sequence of the gene contained a 2,922-base-pair open reading frame that was predicted to encode a 107,406-dalton protein composed of 974 amino acids. The predicted L. donovani protein contained all the structural and(More)
Amastigotes (tissue forms) of Leishmania donovani isolated from infected hamster spleens carried out several physiological activities (respiration, catabolism of energy substrates, and incorporation of precursors into macromolecules) optimally at pH 4.0 to 5.5. All metabolic activities that were examined decreased sharply above the optimal pH. Promastigotes(More)
In this study, we introduce a multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme, comprised of seven single-copy housekeeping genes, to genetically characterize Trichomonas vaginalis. Sixty-eight historical and recent isolates of T. vaginalis were sampled from the American Type Culture Collection and female patients at area health care facilities, respectively, to(More)
A 2253-nucleotide (nt) transcript for a Trichomonas vaginalis heat-shock protein 70, TVCHSP70, has been isolated that encodes for a protein of 659 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 71.3 kDa. TVCHSP70 has a short (10-nt) 5′ untranslated region (UTR), and the 263-nt 3′ UTR is the longest reported for a Trichomonas peptide. Amino-acid sequence(More)