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Cartilage-derived morphogenetic proteins-1 and -2 (CDMP-1 and CDMP-2) are members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, which play important roles in embryonic skeletal development. We studied the biological activities of recombinant CDMP-1 and CDMP-2 in chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation and investigated their binding properties to type(More)
This study demonstrates for the first time that human articular chondrocytes express osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1). OP-1 was originally purified from bone matrix and was shown to induce cartilage and bone formation. Both OP-1 protein and message were present in human normal and osteoarthritic (OA) cartilages. OP-1 mRNA was upregulated in OA cartilage compared(More)
A single-chain antibody or single-chain Fv (sFv) incorporates the complete antibody binding site in a single polypeptide chain of minimal size, with an approximate molecular weight of 26,000. In antibodies, the antigen combining site is part of the Fv region, which is composed of the VH and VL variable domains on separate heavy and light chains. Efforts(More)
The in vivo properties of monovalent and divalent single-chain Fv (sFv)-based molecules with the specificity of the anti-c-erbB-2 monoclonal antibody 741F8 were examined in scid mice bearing SK-OV-3 tumor xenografts. 741F8 sFv monomers exhibited rapid, biphasic clearance from blood, while a slightly slower clearance was observed with the divalent 741F8(More)
BACKGROUND Antibody-based reagents have failed to live up to their anticipated role as highly specific targeting agents for cancer therapy. Targeting with human single-chain Fv (sFv) molecules may overcome some of the limitations of murine IgG, but are difficult to produce with conventional hybridoma technology. Alternatively, phage display of antibody gene(More)
We describe a method to facilitate radioimaging with technetium-99m (99mTc) by genetic incorporation of a 99mTc chelation site in recombinant single-chain Fv (sFv) antibody proteins. This method relies on fusion of the sFv C terminus with a Gly4Cys peptide that specifically coordinates 99mTc. By using analogues of the 26-10 anti-digoxin sFv as our primary(More)
The efficacy of osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1; BMP-7) in regeneration of articular cartilage was examined by creating knee chondral defects in sheep. With a specially designed instrument in both knees, two 10 mm (diameter) chondral defects were created: one in the trochlea and the other on the femoral condyle. The recombinant BMP was delivered via an(More)
BACKGROUND The secondary hyperparathyroidism of chronic kidney disease (CKD) produces a high turnover osteodystrophy that is associated with peritrabecular fibrosis. The nature of the cells involved in the development of peritrabecular fibrosis may represent osteoprogenitors expressing a fibroblastic phenotype that are retarded from progressing through(More)
The production of several single-chain Fv (sFv) antibody proteins was examined by three modes of mammalian cell expression. Our primary model was the 741F8 anti-c-erbB-2 sFv, assembled as either the VH-VL or VL-VH, and expressed alone, with C-terminal cysteine for dimerization, or as fusion proteins with carboxyl-terminal effector domains, including(More)