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Three experiments were performed to determine the effect of stress on the neuroendocrine-immune system in nonhuman primates. In Experiment 1 the diurnal variation in cell and hormone levels was determined. The percentages of neutrophils, monocytes, and eosinophils fluctuated throughout the 24-hr period, while white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte(More)
The influence of piglet sensory systems and the role of odors from the sow's ventrum on piglet nipple attachment were investigated. In Experiment 1, four sows had their ventrum washed with organic solvents and four were unwashed control sows. Piglets were given one of four treatments shortly after birth: nares that were mechanically blocked (B), a lidocaine(More)
Lithium (Li) suppresses intraspecific aggression in rats and other mammals. However, antiaggressive doses of Li have been shown to produce signs of illness and to serve as an unconditioned stimulus for conditioned taste aversions (CTA). Therefore, it is possible that the antiaggressive effects of Li result from Li-induced malaise. Malaise and CTA's produced(More)
The present study investigated the question of how restraint affects the hypothalamo-pituitary adrenocortical axis and the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal axis in intact, adult female rhesus macaques in both the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. Restraint was chosen because it is not physically harmful to the animal but rather serves(More)
Continuous observations are an accurate method for behavioral measurements but are difficult to conduct on large numbers of animals because of extensive labor requirements. Thus, we sought to develop methods of behavioral data collection in feedlot cattle production systems that reasonably approximated continuous sampling. Standing, lying, feeding,(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of porcine corticotropin-releasing hormone (pCRH) and cortisol on the immune system and behavior were examined in domestic pigs. In Experiment 1, 50 micrograms of pCRH in 200 microliters of saline or 200 microliters of vehicle was administered i.c.v. at 0600 h. Blood samples were obtained at 0600(More)
The broad aim of this study was to determine whether bedding level in the transport trailer influenced pig performance and welfare. Specifically, the objective was to define the bedding requirements of pigs during transportation in commercial settings during cold and mild weather. Animals (n = 112,078 pigs on 572 trailers) used were raised in commercial(More)