John McGeachie

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The ability of very old animals to make new muscle after injury remains controversial. This issue has major implications for the regenerative potential of damaged geriatric human muscle, to age-related loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) and to the proposed need for muscle stem cell therapy for the aged. To further address issues of inherent myogenic capacity(More)
Cell replication in muscle was measured by tritiated thymidine (3H-TdR) incorporation and autoradiography, in mdx mice from 2-44 weeks of age. Pre-mitotic labelling (within 1 h of 3H-TdR injection) was determined in 16 mice aged from 15 to 300 days. In 30 further mdx mice, one leg was irradiated 1 h after 3H-TdR injection to block DNA synthesis.(More)
Muscle precursor replication in Swiss mice, in which muscle regeneration is exceptionally vigorous, was compared with previous data for regeneration in BALBc mice. The tibialis anterior muscles of 23 male and 15 female inbred Swiss SJL/J mice were crush injured, and tritiated thymidine injected into mice at various times after injury to label replicating(More)
The expression of laminin isoforms and laminin-binding integrin receptors known to occur in muscle was investigated during myogenic regeneration after crush injury. Comparisons were made between dystrophic 129ReJ dy/dy mice, which have reduced laminin alpha2 expression, and their normal littermates. The overall histological pattern of regeneration after(More)
The identification of myogenic precursor cells (mpc) is a key factor in determining the early events in the myogenesis and regeneration of skeletal muscle. Although satellite cells have long been established as the providers of myoblastic cells, very little is really known (apart from their anatomical location in relation to muscle fibres and their ability(More)
Staining for basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a potent mitogen, was examined in muscle recovering from a crush injury and compared between two mouse strains with distinctly different capacities for muscle regeneration to determine if bFGF staining and the steps and outcome of repair were related. Immunofluorescence studies on intact and crushed(More)
The beta-2 agonist clenbuterol was tested for its effect on the proliferation of satellite cells in transplanted skeletal muscles. Using autoradiographic techniques it was found that satellite cells in clenbuterol treated transplants began proliferating earlier than in control animals. The effect of clenbuterol on the growth of regenerating muscle fibres(More)
In mdx mice, a model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the timing between the replication of myoblasts and their incorporation into myotubes was determined autoradiographically. Thirty-eight mdx mice aged 23 d were injected with tritiated thymidine to label myoblasts replicating early in the dystrophic process. At intervals from 8 h to 30 d after injection(More)
Skeletal muscle regeneration in SJL/J and BALB/c mice subjected to identical crush injuries is markedly different: in SJL/J mice myotubes almost completely replace damaged myofibres, whereas BALB/c mice develop fibrotic scar tissue and few myotubes. To determine the cellular changes which contribute to these differential responses to injury, samples of(More)
A study was designed to test the suitability of p-phenylenediamine (pPd) as a block stain for light microscope autoradiography. This was done to obviate the conventional method of staining through the emulsion with histological stains after exposure and development. Ten rats were injected with 3H-thymidine and 1 to 3 days later were perfused with(More)