John McCallum

Learn More
 The bulb onion, Allium cepa L., is a diploid (2n=2x=16) plant with a huge nuclear genome. Previous genetic and cytogenetic analyses have not supported a polyploid origin for onion. We developed a low-density genetic map of morphological markers, randomly amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPD), and restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) as a tool for(More)
Enormous genomic resources have been developed for plants in the monocot order Poales; however, it is not clear how representative the Poales are for the monocots as a whole. The Asparagales are a monophyletic order sister to the lineage carrying the Poales and possess economically important plants such as asparagus, garlic, and onion. To assess the genomic(More)
 A linkage map of the pea (Pisum sativum L.) genome is presented which is based on F2 plants produced by crossing the marrowfat cultivar ‘Primo’ and the blue-pea breeding line ‘OSU442-15’. This linkage map consists of 209 markers and covers 1330 cM (Kosambi units) and includes RFLP, RAPD and AFLP markers. By mapping a number of anchor loci, the(More)
The Poales (which include the grasses) and Asparagales [which include onion (Allium cepa L.) and other Allium species] are the two most economically important monocot orders. Enormous genomic resources have been developed for the grasses; however, their applicability to other major monocot groups, such as the Asparagales, is unclear. Expressed sequence tags(More)
Sequencing of cDNA clones previously screened for ability to reveal RFLPs in bulb onion has been completed and a further 128 ESTs from 111 clones have been deposited in public databases. A putative function was assigned to 66% (84/128) of ESTs by BLASTX searches against public databases and FASTA comparisons were used to determine similarity among clones,(More)
Improved understanding of genetic diversity in onion and shallot (Allium cepa L.) is required to inform breeding and genetic resource conservation, and to enable development of association genetics and seed quality assurance methods. To develop quantitative estimates of diversity we estimated within- and among-population heterozygosity in a set of onion(More)
Onion (Allium cepa L.) is a biennial crop that in temperate regions is planted in the spring and, after a juvenile stage, forms a bulb in response to the lengthening photoperiod of late spring/summer. The bulb then overwinters and in the next season it flowers and sets seed. FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) encodes a mobile signaling protein involved in regulating(More)
Sequencing of the onion (Allium cepa) genome is challenging because it has one of the largest nuclear genomes among cultivated plants. We undertook pilot sequencing of onion genomic DNA to estimate gene densities and investigate the nature and distribution of repetitive DNAs. Complete sequences from two onion BACs were AT rich (64.8%) and revealed long(More)
Onion exhibits wide genetic and environmental variation in bioactive organosulfur compounds that impart pungency and health benefits. A PCR-based molecular marker map that included candidate genes for sulfur assimilation was used to identify genomic regions affecting pungency in the cross 'W202A' × 'Texas Grano 438'. Linkage mapping revealed that genes(More)
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting seed weight in pea (Pisum sativum L.) were mapped using two populations, a field-grown F2 progeny of a cross between two cultivated types (‘Primo’ and ‘OSU442-15’) and glasshouse-grown single-seed-descent recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a wide cross between a P. sativum ssp. sativum line (‘Slow’) and a P.(More)