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This study investigated the perception of colorful ensembles and the effect of categories and perceptual similarity on their representation. We briefly presented ensembles of two hues and tested hue recognition with a range of seen and unseen hues. The average hue was familiar, even though it never appeared in the ensembles. Increasing the perceptual(More)
The ability to extract the mean of features from a rapidly viewed, heterogeneous array of objects has been demonstrated for a number of different visual properties. Few studies have previously investigated the rapid averaging of color; those that did had insufficient stimulus control or inappropriate methods. This study reports three experiments that(More)
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Much has been written in the past twenty years on the issues relating to the communication of food risks and safety issues to the public. Most of this research has been based upon post-hoc studies of what went wrong – or, occasionally, right. Here we survey those findings briefly and draw these into a general framework for risk management and communication.(More)
We consider food chain risks and specifically address stakeholder participation in the risk analysis process. We combine social and natural science perspectives to explore the participation process in relation to food risks and, in particular, to consider how some specific participation processes might be scientifically evaluated and how stakeholder(More)
Dominant accounts of visual processing in autism posit that autistic individuals have an enhanced access to details of scenes [e.g., weak central coherence] which is reflected in a general bias toward local processing. Furthermore, the attenuated priors account of autism predicts that the updating and use of summary representations is reduced in autism.(More)
It is claimed that the extraction of average features from rapidly presented ensembles is holistic, with attention distributed across the whole set. We investigated whether observers' extraction of mean hue is holistic or could reflect subsampling. Analysis of selections for the mean hue revealed a distribution that peaked at the expected mean hue. However,(More)