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MK-801, a high-affinity phencyclidine (PCP) analogue, is a noncompetitive antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subclass of glutamate receptor that elicits hyperactivity, stereotypic behaviors, and "popping," an explosive episodic jumping behavior, in mice. The schizophreniform psychosis precipitated by PCP in humans has stimulated interest in(More)
Naturally occurring 3-alpha-hydroxy ring A-reduced metabolites of progesterone and deoxycorticosterone and their synthetic analogues bind to specific sites within the hydrophobic channel domain of the GABAA receptor complex. Acting at these sites, these ligands function as positive allosteric effectors of the complex; they potentiate GABA-stimulated(More)
Diminished facial expressivity is a common feature of schizophrenia that interferes with effective interpersonal communication. This study was designed to determine if real-time visual feedback improved the ability of patients with schizophrenia to imitate and produce modeled facial expressions. Twenty patients with schizophrenia and 10 controls viewed(More)
In the presence of a stimulus above the center lever, monkeys and rats were required to complete one of two fixed-ratios (FRs) on the center lever (FR20 or FR40, monkeys; FR8 or FR16, rats). Completion of the ratio turned off the center-lever stimulus and produced a stimulus above each of the two side levers. If the completed ratio was high (e.g., FR40), a(More)
In persons with Down syndrome, soluble Abeta peptides, which result from the processing of the amyloid precursor protein, appear in the brain decades before the extracellular deposition of neuritic plaques. These soluble amyloidogenic peptides accumulate intraneuronally and can be secreted extracellularly. Their appearance has been reported in the brains of(More)
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, is synthesized from L-glutamate and packaged within a family of highly differentiated inhibitory interneurons. Individual GABA inhibitory interneurons in the frontal cortex can make terminal synaptic connections with more than 200 distinct pyramidal neurons, the principal output neuron. Moreover, the(More)
BACKGROUND N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor open channel blockers phencyclidine (PCP) and dizocilpine (MK-801) elicit schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans and in animal models. Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists reverse the behavioral effects of PCP and MK-801 in animal models. N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG), the third most prevalent(More)
Converging lines of evidence suggest pathophysiology of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (alpha7 nAChRs) in schizophrenia. This pilot study was designed to test the tolerability, safety, and preliminary efficacy of chronic administration of an alpha7 nAChR agonist strategy involving combination treatment of cytidine diphosphocholine (CDP-choline; 2(More)
In one component of a multiple schedule, patas monkeys acquired a different four-response chain each session by responding sequentially on three levers in the presence of four numerals (acquisition). In the other component, the four-response chain was the same each session (performance). The response chain in each component was maintained by food(More)