John Maguire

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Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 was found to be a scavenger of nitric oxide in in vitro acellular systems, under physiological conditions. EGb 761 competed with oxyhemoglobin for reaction with nitric oxide generated during the interaction of hydroxylamine with Complex I of catalase. An EGb 761 dose-dependent decrease in the amount of nitrite formed in the(More)
Extracts of Ginkgo biloba leaves are consumed as dietary supplements to counteract chronic, age-related neurological disorders. We have applied high-density oligonucleotide microarrays to define the transcriptional effects in the cortex and hippocampus of mice whose diets were supplemented with the herbal extract. Gene expression analysis focused on the(More)
BACKGROUND "Respiratory burst" activity, ie, O2- production, is dependent on PO2, temperature, pH, and glucose concentrations within the physiologic range. OBJECTIVES To determine whether environmental conditions characteristic of wounds may limit human neutrophil respiratory burst metabolism and to clarify the degree to which bactericidal oxidant(More)
Multiplayer Online Battle Arena (MOBA) games are among the most played digital games in the world. In these games, teams of players fight against each other in arena environments, and the gameplay is focussed on tactical combat. In this paper, we present three data-driven measures of spatiotemporal behaviour in Defence of the Ancients 2 (DotA 2): 1) Zone(More)
Low-molecular weight antioxidants in rat peritoneal neutrophils undergo rapid redox recycling, so measurements were made of their initial content and subsequent changes during the respiratory burst, when superoxide formation is maximized. Endogenous vitamin E, ascorbate and total glutathione (reduced + oxidized) were not significantly changed during 30 min(More)
Rabbit lung washings and purified lung surfactant were delipidated without precipitation or loss of protein. This enabled effective study of the proteins by electrophoretic and immunoelectrophoretic techniques. The lung washings contained secretory immunoglobulin A and several serum proteins. The protein composition of purified lung surfactant was the same(More)
Relationships between muscle oxidative capacity, anemia, endurance, whole-body maximal O2 consumption (VO2 max), and VO2 max work load (maximal treadmill speed at 15% grade, rat weight constant) were investigated in iron deficiency and during dietary iron repletion. Young rats were made severely iron deficient by a diet containing 2 mg iron/kg. Control(More)
The interaction between ubiquinones and vitamin E was studied in the inner membranes of rat liver mitochondria, liposomes and human erythrocyte plasma membranes. Free radicals were produced by addition of exogenous oxidants, and their reaction with chromanols and ubiquinone was followed by ESR and HPLC. Membranes were made deficient in ubiquinone but(More)
alpha-Tocopherol (vitamin E) is a lipophilic chain-breaking antioxidant which inhibits lipid peroxidation in isolated mitochondrial membranes and protects membranes from oxidative damage. The primary oxidation product of vitamin E is the tocopheroxyl radical. Reduction of the tocopheroxyl radical can occur by reactions with water-soluble anti-oxidants such(More)
Using liposomes we have demonstrated an electron transfer between tocopherol (vitamin E) and cytochrome c. Reduced cytochrome c protects vitamin E from oxidation induced either directly by ultraviolet light or indirectly by soybean lipoxygenase-catalyzed oxidation of arachidonic acid. Oxidized cytochrome c is reduced by tocopherol and tocopherol homologues(More)