John M. Wozney

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Protein extracts derived from bone can initiate the process that begins with cartilage formation and ends in de novo bone formation. The critical components of this extract, termed bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), that direct cartilage and bone formation as well as the constitutive elements supplied by the animal during this process have long remained(More)
The implantation of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) into muscular tissues induces ectopic bone formation at the site of implantation. To investigate the mechanism underlying this process, we examined whether recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) converts the differentiation pathway of the clonal myoblastic cell line, C2C12, into that of(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which are members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, have been implicated in bone formation and the regulation of early development. To better understand the roles of BMPs in Xenopus laevis embryogenesis, we have cloned a cDNA coding for a serine/threonine kinase receptor that binds BMP-2 and(More)
BMP-2 stimulates the expression of three osteogenic master transcription factors: Runx2, Dlx5, and Osterix (Osx). However, the hierarchical regulatory relationships among them are not yet clearly understood. Osx was commonly stimulated in osteogenic and non-osteogenic cells in response to BMP-signaling, as Dlx5 was in our previous report. A cycloheximide(More)
Characterization of the polypeptides present in bone-inductive protein extracts from bovine bone has led to the cloning of seven regulatory molecules, six of which are distantly related to transforming growth factor beta. The three human bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) we describe herein, BMP-5, BMP-6, and BMP-7, show extensive sequence similarity to(More)
When C2C12 pluripotent mesenchymal precursor cells are treated with transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), terminal differentiation into myotubes is blocked. Treatment with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) not only blocks myogenic differentiation of C2C12 cells but also induces osteoblast differentiation. The molecular mechanisms governing the(More)
The possibility that the non-osteogenic mouse pluripotent cell line, C3H10T1/2 (10T1/2), could be induced to differentiate into osteogenic cells by various hormones and cytokines was examined in vitro. Of a number of agents tested, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and retinoic acid induced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in(More)
The type beta transforming growth factor family is composed of a series of processed, secreted growth factors, several of which have been implicated in important regulatory roles in cell determination, inductive interactions, and tissue differentiation. Among these factors, the sequence of the DPP protein from Drosophila is most similar to two of the(More)