John M Weaver

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Stroke, one of the most debilitating cerebrovascular and nuerological diseases, is a serious life-threatening condition and a leading cause of long-term adult disability and brain damage, either directly or by secondary complications. Most effective treatments for stroke are time dependent such as the only FDA-approved therapy, reperfusion with tissue-type(More)
The spore-forming, gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax, has achieved notoriety due to its use as a bioterror agent. In the environment, B. anthracis exists as a dormant endospore. Upon infection, germination of endospores occurs during their internalization within the phagocyte, and the ability to survive exposure to(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (H(4)B) is a critical element in the nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) metabolism of l-arginine to l-citrulline and NO(.). It has been hypothesized that in the absence of or under nonsaturating levels of L-arginine where O(2) reduction is the primary outcome of NOS activation, H(4)B promotes the generation of H(2)O(2) at the expense of(More)
The ability of the endospore-forming, gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis to survive in activated macrophages is key to its germination and survival. In a previous publication, we discovered that exposure of primary murine macrophages to B. anthracis endospores upregulated NOS 2 concomitant with an .NO-dependent bactericidal response. Since NOS 2(More)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) independent of the isozyme, produce nitric oxide (.NO), superoxide (O2.-), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Since .NO has been implicated in many physiological processes, the importance of O2.- and H2O2 in regulating cell signaling by .NO cannot be overlooked. Before addressing these questions, we investigated the production of(More)
Using in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model, we have previously demonstrated that 2-h OGD induces rapid, caveolin-1-mediated dissociation of claudin-5 from the cellular cytoskeletal framework and quick endothelial barrier disruption. In this study, we further investigated the fate of translocated claudin-5 and the mechanisms by which OGD promotes(More)