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Each of the myogenic helix-loop-helix transcription factors (MyoD, Myogenin, Myf-5, and MRF4) is capable of activating muscle-specific gene expression, yet distinct functions have not been ascribed to the individual proteins. We report here that MyoD and Myogenin mRNAs selectively accumulate in hindlimb muscles of the adult rat that differ in contractile(More)
The human apolipoprotein (apo) E and apoC-I genes are located 5 kilobases apart in the same transcriptional orientation on chromosome 19, and they are expressed at high levels in the liver with lower levels of expression in selected other tissues. Analysis of a series of overlapping human apoE and apoC-I genomic fragments in transgenic mice revealed that(More)
Astrocytomas are heterogeneous intracranial glial neoplasms ranging from the highly aggressive malignant glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to the indolent, low-grade pilocytic astrocytoma. We have investigated whether DNA microarrays can identify gene expression differences between high-grade and low-grade glial tumors. We compared the transcriptional profile(More)
These studies show that miR-122, a 22-nucleotide microRNA, is derived from a liver-specific noncoding polyadenylated RNA transcribed from the gene hcr. The exact sequence of miR-122 as well as the adjacent secondary structure within the hcr mRNA are conserved from mammalian species back to fish. Levels of miR-122 in the mouse liver increase to half maximal(More)
Rat apolipoproteins (apo-) A-IV and A-I share many structural similarities, the most notable of which is a domain of repeated docosapeptides with amphipathic helical potential. Although the genes for apo-A-IV and apo-A-I probably diverged from a common ancestor, these proteins seem to have developed different functions in their evolution. In the present(More)
Recently we reported that in vitro RNA transcripts complementary to the genome of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) contain a unique site at which self-cleavage can occur. Subsequent studies showed that a similar self-cleavage site was present on in vitro RNA transcripts of genomic HDV RNA. The same self-cleavage reactions were also found to occur on HDV RNAs(More)
The replication of the RNA genome of hepatitis delta virus is greatly facilitated by the presence of the only known virus-coded protein, the delta antigen. Most, if not all, infections are characterized by the presence of two electrophoretic forms of the delta antigen. These forms correspond to polypeptide lengths of 195 and 214 amino acids which are(More)
cDNA prepared from the single-stranded circular RNA genome of hepatitis delta virus was cloned in lambda gt11 by using RNA from the liver of an infected woodchuck. From the sequence of overlapping clones, we assembled the full sequence of 1,679 nucleotides. The sequence indicated an exceptional ability for intramolecular base pairing, yielding a rod(More)
The gene for human apolipoprotein (apo) C-I was selected from human genomic cosmid and lambda libraries. Restriction endonuclease analysis showed that the gene for apoC-I is located 5.5 kilobases downstream of the gene for apoE. A copy of the apoC-I gene, apoC-I', is located 7.5 kilobases downstream of the apoC-I gene. Both genes contain four exons and(More)
We have identified a second hepatic control region (HCR-2) in the human apolipoprotein (apo) E gene locus that confers liver expression of the human apoE gene in transgenic mice. This HCR-2 sequence is located 27 kilobases downstream of the apoE gene and 10 kilobases downstream of the previously described liver-specific enhancer (HCR-1). Nucleotide sequence(More)