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Bradykinin is an important modulator of endothelial cell function and has also a powerful cardioprotective effect. Here we report that treatment of severely pulmonary hypertensive rats (that recapitulate several of the physiological and pathological characteristics of the human pulmonary vascular disease, including dramatic right ventricular hypertrophy,(More)
Highly potent bradykinin antagonists were found to inhibit bradykinin-induced release of cytokines but to stimulate histamine release. Both actions show structural requirements completely different from those for bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors, indicating that the release of some cytokines from spleen mononuclear cells and of histamine from rat mast cells(More)
Cerebral cavernous angiomas are collections of closely clustered vessels without intervening normal brain parenchyma, with microscopic evidence of hemorrhage, frequently multiple; they are best visualized with magnetic resonance imaging. Familial cerebral cavernous angioma occurs as an autosomal dominant disorder, although carriers of the gene are often(More)
Only a few large families with cerebral cavernous angiomas (CCA) have been reported. We studied 47 members of a four-generation kindred with familial CCA. Thirteen members are affected; of these, eleven (85%) have epilepsy, five (38%) have hearing loss, three (23%) have clinically significant cerebral hemorrhages, one has dementia and progressive(More)
Lung and prostate cancers are major health problems worldwide. Treatments with standard chemotherapy agents are relatively ineffective. Combination chemotherapy gives better treatment than a single agent because the drugs can inhibit the cancer in different pathways, but new therapeutic agents are needed for the treatment of both tumor types. Bradykinin(More)
Autoradiographic studies localize [3H]bradykinin receptor binding sites to the substantia gelatinosa, dorsal root, and a subset of small cells in both the dorsal root and trigeminal ganglia of the guinea pig. [3H]Bradykinin labeling is also observed over myocardial/coronary visceral afferent fibers. The localization of [3H]bradykinin receptors to(More)
Bradykinin is one of the key molecules involved in the disruption of the blood-brain barrier and blood-spinal cord barrier occurring after spinal cord injury (SCI). Previously we have shown a biphasic opening of the blood-spinal cord barrier as well as increased transport of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) after SCI by compression of the lumbar(More)
Amino-terminal fragments of substance P (SP), SP(1-7) and SP(1-8), were found to produce naloxone-reversible antinociception in the mouse similar to that produced by SP. Similar to SP, these peptides produce antinociception only within a narrow dose range. They have no activity on smooth muscle or blood pressure. These results suggest that contrary to(More)