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Autoradiographic studies localize [3H]bradykinin receptor binding sites to the substantia gelatinosa, dorsal root, and a subset of small cells in both the dorsal root and trigeminal ganglia of the guinea pig. [3H]Bradykinin labeling is also observed over myocardial/coronary visceral afferent fibers. The localization of [3H]bradykinin receptors to(More)
Small cell lung cancers (SCLCs), many non-SCLCs, and other cancers have neuroendocrine features, including paracrineand autocrine growth stimulation by various neuropeptides. Interference with this pathway is an attractive target for novel therapies. We developed a novel bradykinin antagonist dimer, CU201 (B9870), that acts as a "biased agonist" for(More)
Most of the biological actions of substance P (SP) have been thought to be mediated by the carboxy-terminal portion of the peptide. Some of the behavioral effects produced by exogenous SP exhibit a strikingly different structure-activity relationship. The N-terminal heptapeptide fragment of SP, SP(1-7), inhibits nociceptive, aggressive and grooming(More)
Bradykinin is an important modulator of endothelial cell function and has also a powerful cardioprotective effect. Here we report that treatment of severely pulmonary hypertensive rats (that recapitulate several of the physiological and pathological characteristics of the human pulmonary vascular disease, including dramatic right ventricular hypertrophy,(More)
Substance P (SP) significantly reduced fighting in mice made aggressive by prolonged isolation. The N-terminal heptapeptide fragment SP (1-7) also reduced fighting. The C-terminal fragment SP(4-11) was without activity, while the shorter C-terminal fragment analog less than E-SP(7-11) significantly increased isolation-induced fighting. The(More)
Highly potent bradykinin antagonists were found to inhibit bradykinin-induced release of cytokines but to stimulate histamine release. Both actions show structural requirements completely different from those for bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors, indicating that the release of some cytokines from spleen mononuclear cells and of histamine from rat mast cells(More)
The first sequence-related competitive inhibitors of the classic kinin in vitro (rat uterus guinea pig ileum) and in vivo (rat blood pressure) assays have been developed. Replacement of the proline residue at position 7 of bradykinin (BK) with a D-phenylalanine residue is the key modification which converts BK agonists into antagonists. [D-Phe7]-BK exhibits(More)
Lung and prostate cancers are major health problems worldwide. Treatments with standard chemotherapy agents are relatively ineffective. Combination chemotherapy gives better treatment than a single agent because the drugs can inhibit the cancer in different pathways, but new therapeutic agents are needed for the treatment of both tumor types. Bradykinin(More)
PURPOSE Survivin overexpression has been associated with an unfavorable outcome in human PCa; however, its role in metastasis remains elusive. We aim to (a) evaluate the clinical implications of survivin expression in PCa bone metastasis; (b) determine in vivo efficacy of BKM1740, a small-molecule compound, against PCa skeletal growth and survival; and (c)(More)