John M. Prausnitz

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The interactions of partially unfolded proteins provide insight into protein folding and protein aggregation. In this work, we studied partially unfolded hen egg lysozyme interactions in solutions containing up to 7 M guanidinium chloride (GdnHCl). The osmotic second virial coefficient (B(22)) of lysozyme was measured using static light scattering in GdnHCl(More)
Partition coefficients in poly(ethylene glycol)/dextran aqueous two-phase systems are reported for mixed-casein and its components, alpha, beta and kappa casein. Rates of casein proteolysis by alpha-chymotrypsin and by trypsin are reported in single-phase and aqueous two-phase reactor systems. The advantages resulting from selective partitioning of(More)
Protein-protein and protein-salt interactions have been obtained for ovalbumin in solutions of ammonium sulfate and for lysozyme in solutions of ammonium sulfate, sodium chloride, potassium isothiocyanate, and potassium chloride. The two-body interactions between ovalbumin molecules in concentrated ammonium-sulfate solutions can be described by the DLVO(More)
Fundamental studies of enzyme-solvent interactions can be conducted with supercritical fluids because small changes in pressure or temperature may bring about great changes in the properties of a single solvent near its critical point. Cholesterol oxidase is active in supercritical carbon dioxide and supercritical carbon dioxide-cosolvent mixtures.(More)
Alcohols have been widely used as protein denaturants, precipitants and crystallization reagents. We have studied the effect of alcohols on aqueous hen-egg lysozyme self-interactions by measuring the osmotic second virial coefficient (B22) using static light scattering. Addition of alcohols increases B22, indicating stronger protein-protein repulsion or(More)
The diffusion of hen egg-white lysozyme has been studied by dynamic light scattering in aqueous solutions of ammonium sulfate as a function of protein concentration to 30 g/liter. Experiments were conducted under the following conditions: pH 4-7 and ionic strength 0.05-5.0 M. Diffusivity data for ionic strengths up to 0.5 M were interpreted in the context(More)
In vitro cytotoxicities were measured for ionic liquids (ILs) containing various cations and anions using the MCF7 human breast cancer cell line. We measured the cytotoxicities of ionic liquids containing the cations pyridinium, pyrrolidinium, piperidinium, or imidazolium with various alkyl chain lengths, and the anions bromide,(More)
The solubilities of lysozyme, alpha-chymotrypsin and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied in aqueous electrolyte solution as a function of ionic strength, pH, the chemical nature of salt, and initial protein concentration. Compositions were measured for both the supernatant phase and the precipitate phase at 25 degrees C. Salts studied were sodium(More)
Solubilization properties of alpha-chymotrypsin and alcohol dehydrogenase (LADH) in reverse micelles are reported for three different solubilization techniques. The solubilization properties for these two proteins depend on the method used for protein addition. The addition of a dry protein powder to a reverse-micelle-containing organic phase does not(More)