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OBJECTIVES To model the incremental cost-utility of seven interventions reported as effective for preventing falls in older adults. DESIGN Mathematical epidemiological model populated by data based on direct clinical experience and a critical review of the literature. SETTING Model represents population level interventions. PARTICIPANTS No human(More)
Osteoporosis affects approximately 26% of women and 4% of men after the age of 65 years. However, the diffusion of knowledge about osteoporosis risk factors, prevention and treatment remains low. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate the value of adding initial and refresher osteoporosis education classes to a bone health screening(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the impact of Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD) pain on work productivity in Long-Term Caregivers. METHODS An eight item work productivity impairment scale specific to MSD pain was constructed, evaluated and used as part of a telephone survey of LTCaregivers health. RESULTS The productivity impairment scale demonstrated good(More)
CONTEXT Age-related memory decline affects a large proportion of older adults. Cognitive training, physical exercise, and other lifestyle habits may help to minimize self-perception of memory loss and a decline in objective memory performance. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether a 6-week educational program on memory training,(More)
Reliable changes in a variety of behaviors, or classes of behaviors, when only one is manipulated experimentally, have demonstrated that even topographically dissimilar responses can be functionally related. We investigated such a relationship between topographically different child behaviors (compliance and inappropriate activities) by using a methodology(More)
Child noncompliance with prescribed medical regimens, including nonacceptance of oral medication, frequently impedes medical treatment and achievement of clinical aims. During this study, we used a single-subject experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of a capsule-swallowing training curriculum specifically developed to promote acceptance of oral(More)
Two experiments are reported in which the relationship between compliance with "do" and "don't" requests was examined with developmentally disabled children. In Experiment 1, a multiple baseline design across subjects with counterbalanced treatment conditions was used to evaluate a compliance training program composed of four phases: (a) baseline, during(More)