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11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD-1) intracellularly regenerates active corticosterone from circulating inert 11-dehydrocorticosterone (11-DHC) in specific tissues. The hippocampus is a brain structure particularly vulnerable to glucocorticoid neurotoxicity with aging. In intact hippocampal cells in culture, 11beta-HSD-1 acts as a(More)
Hypertension is strongly predicted by the combination of low birthweight and a large placenta. This association could be due to increased fetal exposure to maternal glucocorticoids. Fetal protection is normally effected by placental 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-OHSD), which converts physiological glucocorticoids to inactive products. We(More)
Hippocampal NGFI-A gene expression is increased following the induction of long-term potentiation, a form of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity that has been implicated in learning. In this study, we show a positive correlation between spatial learning and the constitutive expression of NGFI-A mRNA, selectively in CA1 pyramidal neurons. NGFI-A mRNA(More)
Abnormal interactions between serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) and glucocorticoids, notably in the hippocampus, may underpin neuroendocrine, affective and cognitive dysfunction in depression and ageing. Glucocorticoids act via intracellular glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors, whereas 5-hydroxytryptamine binds to a family of transmembrane sites;(More)
The brain serotonin (5-HT) system interacts closely with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We examined the effects of stress on hippocampal 5-HT7 receptor and corticosteroid receptor (mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR)) mRNA expression measured by in situ hybridisation histochemistry. Acute restraint stress increased(More)
Both glucocorticoid excess and decreased serotonergic (5-HT) transmission may cause depression. The recently cloned 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 receptors have high affinity for antidepressants. Here, we show that pharmacological adrenalectomy increases 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 receptor mRNA expression in specific hippocampal subfields, effects partly reversed by corticosterone(More)
Chronic glucocorticoid excess or deficiency is associated with hippocampal dysfunction and neuronal death. 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-OHSD), which catalyses the reversible conversion of corticosterone to inactive 11-dehydrocorticosterone, regulates glucocorticoid access to receptors in the kidney and liver in vivo. The enzyme is also(More)
Hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) are proposed to mediate facilitation of cognition in the short-term. The acute central blockade of MR increases plasma corticosterone levels which itself can affect cognition thus complicating the interpretation of such studies. We therefore investigated the effects of chronic continuous central MR antagonism by(More)
Chronic treatment with antidepressant drugs (2 weeks or longer) increases corticosteroid receptor mRNA expression in the hippocampus and reduces hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in parallel with improving mood and neuroendocrine function. Earlier effects are less well documented. We examined the effects of short term (9 days) treatment with(More)
PURPOSE The administration of glucocorticoids as topical or systemic medications may lead to the development of ocular hypertension through the induction of morphologic and biochemical changes in the trabecular meshwork leading to a reduction in the facility of aqueous outflow. Glucocorticoids exert their physiological effects by binding to and activating(More)