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Miconazole decreased the total body clearance of both (R)- and (S)-warfarin in normal subjects but did not change volumes of distribution. Miconazole inhibited the oxidation of both (R)- and (S)-warfarin to phenolic metabolites, although (S)-warfarin was inhibited to the greater extent. In particular, (S)-7-hydroxylation, the pathway primarily responsible(More)
The goal of the study was to test the assumption that a competitive inhibition constant determined in vivo, Kiiv, like its corresponding in vitro counterpart, Ki, is independent of inhibitor concentration. Inhibition of the CYP2C9-dependent formation of (S)-7-hydroxy-warfarin from (S)-warfarin was measured in seven healthy subjects at three different doses(More)
A sensitive and specific GLC-chemical-ionization mass spectrometric method was developed for the simultaneous assay of phenobarbital (I) and p-hydroxyphenobarbital (II) in biological fluids (urine and plasma) using stable isotope analogs of the compounds as internal standards. After extraction, the compounds were methylated with diazomethane and quantitated(More)
An electron-capture negative-ion chemical ionization gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric assay for mefloquine, an antimalarial drug used in the treatment of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria, is described. The method, developed in support of bioavailability studies involving the co-administration of different tableted formulations of the drug(More)
Hordenine, anhalidine, pellotine, 3-demethyltrichocereine, mescaline, dimethoxy-beta-phenethylamine, and the N-monomethyl derivatives of mescaline d 3,4-dimethoxy-beta-phenethylamine have been isolated or identified, or both, in caloid extracts of a Mexican "peyote" cactus, Pelecyphora aselliformis tenberg. This is the first report of the occurrence of some(More)