Learn More
Prion propagation involves the conversion of cellular prion protein (PrPC) into a disease-specific isomer, PrPSc, shifting from a predominantly alpha-helical to beta-sheet structure. Here, conditions were established in which recombinant human PrP could switch between the native alpha conformation, characteristic of PrPC, and a compact, highly soluble,(More)
Metal ions have been shown to play a critical role in β-amyloid (Aβ) neurotoxicity, thus prompting an intense investigation into the formation of metal–Aβ complexes. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) has been widely used to determine binding constants (K) for a variety of metal–protein interactions, including those in metal–Aβ complexes. In this study,(More)
In spiders soluble proteins are converted to form insoluble silk fibres, stronger than steel. The final fibre product has long been the subject of study; however, little is known about the conversion process in the silk-producing gland of the spider. Here we describe a study of the conversion of the soluble form of the major spider-silk protein, spidroin,(More)
Fesselin is a heat stable proline-rich actin binding protein. The stability, amino acid composition, and ability to bind to several proteins suggested that fesselin may be unfolded under native conditions. While the complete sequence of fesselin is unknown an analysis of a closely related protein, synaptopodin 2 from Gallus gallus, indicates that fesselin(More)
Spidroins, the major silk proteins making up the spider's dragline silk, originate in two distinct tissue layers (A and B) in the spider's major ampullate gland. Formation of the complex thread from spidroins occurs in the lumen of the duct connected to the gland. Using pH-sensitive microelectrode probes, we showed that the spidroins traveling through the(More)
Major constituents of the amyloid plaques found in the brain of Alzheimer's patients are the 39-43 residue beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides. Extensive in vitro as well as in vivo biochemical studies have shown that the 40- and 42-residue Abeta peptides play major roles in the neurodegenerative pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Although the two Abeta peptides(More)
The C-terminal region of EC-SOD (extracellular superoxide dismutase) mediates the binding to both heparin/heparan sulphate and type I collagen. A mutation (Arg213-->Gly; R213G) within this extracellular matrix-binding region has recently been implicated in the development of heart disease. This relatively common mutation affects the heparin affinity, and(More)
With a simple tandem iterated sequence, the carboxyl terminal domain (CTD) of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) serves as the central coordinator of mRNA synthesis by harmonizing a diversity of sequential interactions with transcription and processing factors. Despite intense research interest, many key questions regarding functional and evolutionary(More)
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) is a homotetrameric flavoprotein which catalyses the initial step of the beta-oxidation of medium-chain fatty acids. Mutations in MCAD may cause disease in humans. A Y42H mutation is frequently found in babies identified by newborn screening with MS/MS, yet there are no reports of patients presenting clinically(More)
The virus-like particles (VLPs) produced by the yeast Ty retrotransposons are structurally and functionally related to retroviral cores. Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, we have examined the structures of VLPs assembled from full-length and truncated forms of the capsid structural protein. The VLPs are(More)