John M. Kemner

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Fluoxetine (Prozac) is one of the most widely prescribed pharmaceuticals, yet important aspects of its mechanism of action remain unknown. We previously reported that fluoxetine and related antidepressants induce nose muscle contraction of C. elegans. We also reported the identification and initial characterization of mutations in seven C. elegans genes(More)
The Agrobacterium tumefaciens virulence determinant ChvE is a periplasmic binding protein which participates in chemotaxis and virulence gene induction in response to monosaccharides which occur in the plant wound environment. The region downstream of the A. tumefaciens chvE gene was cloned and sequenced for nucleotide and expression analysis. Three open(More)
Shigella dysenteriae type 1 (Sd1) causes recurrent epidemics of dysentery associated with high mortality in many regions of the world. Sd1 infects humans at very low infectious doses (10 CFU), and treatment is complicated by the rapid emergence of antibiotic resistant Sd1 strains. Sd1 is only detected in the context of human infections, and the(More)
The effects of exchange transfusion with Fluosol DA (FDA) or stroma-free hemoglobin on the outcome of pneumococcal infection in rats were determined. Rats were sham transfused or exchange transfused with 25 ml of FDA or stroma-free hemoglobin. They were then challenged intraperitoneally with Streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 and treated with penicillin for(More)
T- and B-splenic lymphocyte frequency, immune response 4 days after immunization with sheep red blood cells (SRBC), and proliferative response to concanavalin A (Con A) were determined 1, 3, and 5 days after exchange transfusion with Fluosol DA 20% (FDA) in adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats vs sham transfused rats. T-cell, T-helper, T-suppressor, and(More)
The effects of exchange transfusion with an oxygen-carrying resuscitation fluid, Fluosol DA 20% or stroma-free hemoglobin, on the pharmacokinetics of antipyrine, diazepam, penicillin, and sulfamethazine were studied in rats. After transfusion with Fluosol DA 20% or stroma-free hemoglobin the pharmacokinetics of antipyrine, diazepam, and penicillin were(More)
Hydrogenase was solubilized from the membrane of acetate-grown Methanosarcina barkeri MS and purification was carried out under aerobic conditions. The enzyme was reactivated under reducing conditions in the presence of H2. The enzyme showed a maximal activity of 120±40 μmol H2 oxidized · min−1 · min−1 with methyl viologen as an electron acceptor, a maximal(More)
Acetate-grown cells of Methanosarcina barkeri MS were found to form methane from H2:CO2 at the same rate as hydrogen-grown cells. Cells grown on acetate had similar levels of soluble F420-reactive hydrogenase I, and higher levels of cytochrome-linked hydrogenase II compared to hydrogen-grown cells. The hydrogenase I and II activities in the crude extract of(More)
The oxygen-carrying resuscitation fluids, Fluosol DA 20% and stroma-free hemoglobin, are currently being evaluated for efficacy and effects in vivo. Because these fluids may be administered to trauma victims, the pharmacokinetics of morphine was studied in rats after transfusion with one of these fluids. During development of high-performance liquid(More)
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