John M. Harrold

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Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) composed of multiple molecules of the antimicrotubule agent DM1 linked to trastuzumab, a humanized anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) monoclonal antibody. Pharmacokinetics data from phase I (n = 52) and phase II (n = 111) studies in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer(More)
Identification of novel targets is a critical first step in the drug discovery and development process. Most diseases such as cancer, metabolic disorders, and neurological disorders are complex, and their pathogenesis involves multiple genetic and environmental factors. Finding a viable drug target-drug combination with high potential for yielding clinical(More)
To develop an integrated mechanism-based modeling approach for the interspecies scaling of pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of type I interferons (IFNs) that exhibit target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD). PK and PD profiles of human IFN-β1a, IFN-β1b, and IFN-α2a in humans, monkeys, rats, and mice from nine studies were extracted(More)
Combination chemotherapy represents the standard-of-care for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. However, the development of new therapeutic regimens is empirical and this approach cannot be used prospectively to identify novel or optimal drug combinations. Quantitative system pharmacodynamic models could promote the discovery and development of combination regimens(More)
Bispecific antibodies (BAbs) are novel constructs that are under development and show promise as new therapeutic modalities for cancer and autoimmune disorders. The aim of this study is to develop a semi-mechanistic modeling approach to elucidate the disposition of BAbs in plasma and possible sites of action in humans. Here we present two case studies that(More)
Practitioners of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling routinely employ various software packages that enable them to fit differential equation based mechanistic or empirical models to biological/pharmacological data. The availability and choice of different analytical tools, while enabling, can also pose a significant challenge in terms of both,(More)
A mechanistic model describing the effects of chemotherapy and radiation on platelet counts and endogenous thrombopoietin (eTPO) in mice was developed. Thrombocytopenia was induced in mice by injection of carboplatin followed by the whole body irradiation on days 0, 28, and 56, with platelet and eTPO samples collected over 84 days. The pharmacodynamic model(More)
The mathematical model structure selected to describe system behavior is at least partially dependent on the proposed use of the model. In this paper, a pharmacokinetic(PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) model for use in drug delivery algorithm synthesis is developed. The antitumor agent 9-nitrocamptothecin (9NC) was administered orally to severe combined(More)