John M. Harlander

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It is well known and demonstrated that interference spectroscopy offers capabilities to obtain passive remote optical sensing spectra of high precision and also achieves economies in size, cost, and ease of deployment compared with more conventional systems. We describe the development of a near-ultraviolet spatial heterodyne spectrometer designed for(More)
We describe the design, fabrication, and testing of a monolithic interferometer consisting entirely of optically contacted fused-silica optical elements that are assembled, adjusted, and permanently bonded in place. The interferometer is part of a spatial heterodyne spectrometer (SHS) [SHIMMER (Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals)] that will(More)
The detailed analysis of measured interferograms generally requires phase correction. Phase-shift correction methods are commonly used and well documented for conventional Fourier-transform spectroscopy. However, measured interferograms can show additional phase errors, depending on the optical path difference and signal frequency, which we call phase(More)
[1] We present the first SHIMMER observations of the diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl (OH). We compare our data with Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) observations at about 13h local time near 55 N and find very good agreement. This validates the Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy technique for space-borne optical remote sensing applications. We(More)
We describe the design, fabrication and laboratory tests of a Doppler Asymmetric Spatial Heterodyne (DASH) interferometer for upper atmospheric wind and temperature observations of the O[1D] 630 nm emission. The monolithic interferometer has no moving parts, a large étendue, relaxed fabrication and alignment tolerances and can measure multiple emission(More)
The design and laboratory tests of the interferometers for the Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI) instrument which measures thermospheric wind and temperature for the NASA-sponsored Ionospheric Connection (ICON) Explorer mission are described. The monolithic interferometers use the Doppler Asymmetric Spatial(More)
Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (SHS) is based on traditional Michelson interferometry. However, instead of employing retro-reflectors in the interferometer arms, one or both of which are moving, it uses fixed, tilted diffraction gratings and an imaging detector to spatially sample the optical path differences. This concept allows high-resolution,(More)
We describe the concept of Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH) and present a laboratory Doppler-shift measurement using an infrared laser line. DASH is a modification of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy optimized for high precision, high accuracy Doppler-shift measurements of atmospheric emission lines either from the ground or a(More)