Learn More
There are numerous reports of nematicidal chemicals in crude plant homogenates, leachates, and decomposing residues. These compounds are usually assumed to be secondary metabolites, which serve as chemical defenses against disease and parasites. When such compounds are released into the rhizosphere, they are known as allelochemicals. The possibility exists(More)
The antibiotic 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (DAPG) is produced by some isolates of the beneficial bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens. DAPG is toxic to many organisms, and crop yield increases have been reported after application of DAPG-producing P. fluorescens. This study was conducted to determine whether DAPG is toxic to selected nematodes. The(More)
Methyl bromide is an effective pre-plant soil fumigant used to control nematodes in many high-input, high-value crops in the United States, including vegetables, nursery plants, ornamentals, tree fruits, strawberries, and grapes. Because methyl bromide has provided a reliable return on investment for nematode control, many of these commodities have(More)
ABSTRACT Cyclic hydroxamic acids are secondary metabolites found in the family Poaceae and have been implicated in the allelopathy of rye (Secale cereale). The toxicity of these compounds against plant-parasitic nematodes is unknown. DIBOA (2,4-dihydroxy-(2H)-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one), DIMBOA (2,4-hydroxy-7-methoxy-(2H)-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one), and their(More)
Inbred nematodes propagated on a selecting host are likely to have homozygous genes of interest for investigating the genetics of host-parasite associations. A technique is presented to inbreed soybean cyst nematodes, by sibling matings at each generation, and to cross inbred lines. Soybean seedlings with severely trimmed cotyledons survive well on 0.8%(More)
The transmission of North American nepoviruses by putative species belonging to the Xiphinema americanum-group is reviewed. Xiphinema americanum sensu stricto, X. californicum, and X. rivesi each transmit cherry rasp leaf (CRLV), tobacco ringspot (TobRSV), and tomato ringspot nepovirus (TomRSV), and X. bricolensis is a vector of TomRSV. The apparent lack of(More)
Fields in a concentrated area of soybean production in South Carolina were chosen for soil sampling to determine the distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes. Five hundred sampling sites were distributed over 19 counties according to county soybean acreage. Helicotylenchus and Scutellonema were identified most frequently from soil samples; together, these(More)
A modified version of a standard greenhouse bioassay for determining soybean cyst resistance in soybean plants is described. White plastic laundry tubs served as microplots for rearing large numbers of nematodes in a confined space; up to 3 million eggs of each generation were collected per tub. Before screening, SCN populations were evaluated on(More)
Identification of Xiphinema americanum-group nematodes is based on relatively subtle morphological and morphometric differences, many of which overlap. The significance and importance of these separations cannot be assessed without a basic understanding of the biological differences between species. Currently, information is accumulating on Xiphinema(More)
One to two hundred nematodes from each of seven Xiphinema americanum-group populations were measured to determine the range of stylet and body lengths for juveniles and adults. First-stage juveniles were identified by the position of the replacement odontostyle (i.e., the tip of the replacement odontostyle overlapped the base of the odontophore). Nematodes(More)