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Eight traditional subspecies of tiger (Panthera tigris),of which three recently became extinct, are commonly recognized on the basis of geographic isolation and morphological characteristics. To investigate the species' evolutionary history and to establish objective methods for subspecies recognition, voucher specimens of blood, skin, hair, and/or skin(More)
The Tiger Summit, to be hosted by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in Russia in November 2010—the Chinese Year of the Tiger and the International Year of Biodiversity—promises to be the most significant meeting ever held to discuss the fate of a single non-human species. The Summit will culminate efforts by the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI), launched in 2008(More)
Lethal infections with canine distemper virus (CDV) have recently been diagnosed in Amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica), but long-term implications for the population are unknown. This study evaluates the potential impact of CDV on a key tiger population in Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Zapovednik (SABZ), and assesses how CDV might influence the extinction(More)
  • Susanne A Paul, Hae-Seung Lee, John Goodrich, Titiimaea F Alailima, Daniel D Santiago
  • 1999
— A pipelined 1-6 analog-to-digital-converter architecture is described that incorporates the high speed of pipelined converters and the high resolution of oversampling quantization. A prototype, containing both modulation and decimation circuits on a single chip, is implemented using a 1.2-m commercial CMOS process. It uses charge-coupled-device elements(More)
Daily activity patterns of brown bears were monitored using radiotelemetry from 1993 to 2006, in the Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve and adjacent areas. Outside of the denning period, bears were active for approximately 52% of the 24-hour period. Males were more active (64% of total time) than females (51%). Brown bears in the Sikhote-Alin are diurnal and(More)
Genetic monitoring of tiger source populations is a conservation priority, yet due to low sample sizes and poor DNA quality, scat DNA has failed to produce the powerful studies needed to inform management decisions in humid, tropical landscapes. Here, we report the first successful extraction of DNA from tiger scent marks, a hitherto neglected genetic(More)
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