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During active vision, the eyes continually scan the visual environment using saccadic scanning movements. This target article presents an information processing model for the control of these movements, with some close parallels to established physiological processes in the oculomotor system. Two separate pathways are concerned with the spatial and the(More)
In a series of experiments, we examined the increase in saccade latency that is observed consistently when distractor stimuli are presented simultaneously with the saccade target at various nontarget locations. In the first experiment, targets and distractors were presented on the horizontal axis. We found that saccade latency was increased when distractors(More)
Four experiments are reported in which saccadic eye movements are examined when the eye moves to targets in peripheral vision which consist of two discrete stimuli. It is found that under a variety of conditions, the saccade amplitude is such that the saccade lands at an intermediate position between the stimuli. This result has been termed the global(More)
Five experiments are reported in which eye movements were recorded while subjects carried out a visual search task. The aim was to investigate whether an accurate initial target directed saccade could be programmed. In experiments 1-2, subjects moved their eyes to targets defined by colour, which were presented with seven non-targets in a circular array.(More)
In a series of experiments we examined the effects of the endogenous orienting of visual attention on human saccade latency. Three separate manipulations were performed: the orienting of visual attention, the prior offset of fixation (gap paradigm) and the bilateral presentation of saccade targets. Each of these manipulations was shown to make an(More)
Recent evidence indicates that each eye does not always fixate the same letter during reading and there has been some suggestion that processing difficulty may influence binocular coordination. We recorded binocular eye movements from children and adults reading sentences containing a word frequency manipulation. We found disparities of significant(More)
The latency of saccadic movements to targets appearing at various positions in three-dimensional visual space was measured in four experiments. The first experiment confirmed that latencies of saccades to visual targets are greater in the lower visual field and showed that the increase is not influenced by the vertical starting position of the eye in the(More)