John M. Eisenberg

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CSP #221 is a randomized multiinstitutional clinical trial to assess the efficacy of 10 d of perioperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in reducing morbidity and mortality in malnourished patients undergoing intraperitoneal and/or intrathoracic operations. In this paper a detailed protocol for the clinical efficacy trial is presented primarily as a(More)
Society increasingly expects physicians to consider costs when making medical decisions. Eisenberg discusses clinical economics techniques that physicians can use for comparing options in medical practice. He defines three types of economic analysis, and identifies four points of view toward costs, outcomes, and benefits: society's, the patient's, the(More)
The official Japanese recommendation for breast cancer screening is physical examination by a physician, in contrast to US recommendations of mammography. In this analysis of breast cancer screening, the authors used Japanese data in a cost-effectiveness model to compare the following five strategies: (1) no screening (N); (2) physical examination alone(More)
Recent articles on clinical decision-making have proposed sophisticated quantitative methods for improving the physician's clinical judgment. Actual clinical decisions, however, are influenced by interactions between the clinician, the patient, and the sociocultural milieu as well as by biomedical considerations. This paper explores these sociologic(More)
The important role of physicians in the generation of medical care costs is evident, but methods of inducing physicians to participate in cost-containment efforts are not well developed. Efforts to change physicians' use of medical services have included education, peer review and feedback, administrative changes, participation, penalties, and rewards.(More)
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and its predecessor organizations-collectively referred to here as AHRQ-have a productive history of funding research and development in the field of medical informatics, with grant investments since 1968 totaling $107 million. Many computerized interventions that are commonplace today, such as drug interaction(More)
An earlier study showed that the prothrombin time determination is overutilized as a routine admission laboratory test. In the present study the investigator evaluated the effectiveness of an educational program in decreasing utilization of the prothrombin time determination by house staff physicians at a teaching hospital. Six months after the educational(More)