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Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) ligand is a potent glial cell mitogen. When its cognate receptor (PDGF-alphaR) is expressed on oligodendroglial lineage cells, such cells are considered capable of division, and the receptor thus serves as a phenotypic marker for oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Here we identify using immunohistochemistry a considerably(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine how oligodendrocytes die following Fas receptor activation. An immortalized human oligodendrocyte hybrid line (MO3.13) was challenged with Fas ligand (FasL), and cell death was assessed by flow cytometry and DNA gel electrophoresis. Caspase activation was determined by either Western immunoblotting on cell extracts(More)
The Cognitive Radio research field has seen great enthusiasm and rapid growth in the number of active researchers, papers published, conference sessions and journal special issues. This paper presents the author's views on research topics and methodologies that will sustain momentum in the field over the next five years, particularly focusing on ways in(More)
Wired and wireless access networks continue to evolve toward higher-capacity, multi-service systems. Recent wireless broadband networks such as 3G LTE and WiMax provide a general-purpose IP platform with over-the-top services at the application layer, which is similar to the design of wired IP platform networks. This paper examines whether wired and(More)
<sup>1</sup>TCP is a popular transport layer protocol. The performance of TCP is known to be unsatisfactory in wireless network, due to high bit error rates or drop outs. Employing error correction at the transport layer can alleviate the problem to some extent. We make three contributions in this paper. First, we optimize the efficiency of repetitive(More)
TCP does not perform well in networks with stochastic channels, with links that randomly drop packets or have long outages. Diversity routing has been proposed to improve TCP's performance in these networks. In diversity routing, a sublayer between TCP and the network replicates each transmitted packet and sends the multiple copies along parallel paths. As(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. ABSTRACT The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is ubiquitous,(More)