John M C Holt

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Disintegrins represent a new class of low molecular weight, RGD-containing, cysteine-rich peptides isolated from the venom of various snakes. They interact with the beta 1 and beta 3 families of integrins and their potency is at least 500-2000 times higher than short RGDX peptides. Analysis of the amino acid sequences of 14 different disintegrins suggests(More)
Trigramin, a highly specific inhibitor of fibrinogen binding to platelet receptors, was purified to homogeneity from Trimeresurus gramineus snake venom. Trigramin is a single chain (approximately 9 kDa) cysteine-rich peptide with the Glu-Ala-Gly-Glu-Asp-Cys-Asp-Cys-Gly-Ser-Pro-Ala NH2-terminal sequence. Chymotryptic fragmentation showed the Arg-Gly-Asp(More)
Using recombinantly expressed proteins and synthetic peptides, we examined the structural/functional features of the platelet chemokines, neutrophil-activating peptide-2 (NAP-2) and platelet factor 4 (PF4); that were important in their activation of neutrophils. Previous studies with the chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) had shown that the N-terminal region(More)
beta-thromboglobulin antigen, a platelet-specific secreted protein, occurs in three forms: platelet basic protein, low affinity platelet factor 4, and beta-thromboglobulin. The combined level of beta-thromboglobulin antigen in megakaryocytes, measured by radioimmunoassay, was 13 +/- 7 micrograms/10(6) cells (SD, n = 6). The relative proportions of the three(More)
The light chains of chicken breast muscle myosin (alkali 1 and 2, 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) 1.c.) have been isolated in pure form and characterized with respect to amino acid composition, uv and circular dichroism (CD) spectral properties, and molecular weight. Antibodies specific for each of the light chains have been used to demonstrate(More)
Platelet basic protein (PBP) was purified from the supernatant of thrombin-stimulated, washed human platelets by ion-exchange, affinity, molecular sieve, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The NH2-terminal amino acid sequence was determined by automated Edman degradation, revealing 9 unique residues followed by 10 residues of the established(More)
Antibodies have been isolated which are specific for the "difference peptide" unique to the alkali 1 light chain (mol wt 20 700) of chicken breast muscle myosin. When coupled to Sepharose as an immunoadsorbent, they are capable of resolving subfragment 1, heavy meromyosin, and myosin into two fractions, one rich in alkali 1 and the other rich in alkali 2.(More)
Trigramin, a naturally occurring peptide purified from Trimeresurus gramineus (T. stejnegeri formosensis) snake venom, inhibits platelet aggregation and the binding of 125I-fibrinogen to ADP-stimulated platelets (Ki = 2 X 10(-8) M) without affecting the platelet-release reaction. 125I-trigramin binds to ADP-stimulated and to chymotrypsin-treated normal(More)
The primary structures of light chains isolated from the human myocardium with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) were determined and compared with the sequence structures of myosin light chains obtained from control human heart myosin. Sequences were determined by chemical analysis and the identity of N-terminal residues established by mass(More)
A potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation and cell adhesion was isolated from the venom of Bothrops atrox. This peptide, referred to as batroxostatin, was composed of 71 amino acids and showed a high degree of homology with other snake venom peptides including trigramin, albolabrin, elegantin and applagin: all 12 cysteines and the RGD sequence (standard(More)