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The human formyl peptide receptor (FPR) is a prototypical G(i) protein-coupled receptor, but little is known about quantitative aspects of FPR-G(i) protein coupling. To address this issue, we fused the FPR to G(i)alpha(1), G(i)alpha(2), and G(i)alpha(3) and expressed the fusion proteins in Sf9 insect cells. Fusion of a receptor to Galpha ensures a defined(More)
Controversy exists as to whether minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) represent different diseases or are manifestations within the same disease spectrum. Urinary excretion of CD80 (also known as B7.1) is elevated in patients with MCD and hence we tested whether urinary CD80 excretion might distinguish between patients(More)
MC3T3-E1 cells in culture exhibit a temporal sequence of development similar to in vivo bone formation. To examine whether the developmental expression of the osteoblast phenotype depends on serum derived factors, we compared the time-dependent expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-a marker of osteoblastic maturation- in MC3T3-E1 cells grown in the(More)
Clinicians have access to limited tools that predict which patients with early AKI will progress to more severe stages. In early AKI, urine output after a furosemide stress test (FST), which involves intravenous administration of furosemide (1.0 or 1.5 mg/kg), can predict the development of stage 3 AKI. We measured several AKI biomarkers in our previously(More)
Extracellular cations such as Ca2+ stimulate a G protein-coupled, cation-sensing receptor (CaR). We used microphysiometry to determine whether an extracellular cation-sensing mechanism exists in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. The CaR agonists Ca2+ and Gd3+ caused cellular activation in a concentration-dependent manner. mRNA for the CaR was(More)
AKI is a common clinical condition associated with a number of adverse outcomes. More timely diagnosis would allow for earlier intervention and could improve patient outcomes. The goal of early identification of AKI has been the primary impetus for AKI biomarker research, and has led to the discovery of numerous novel biomarkers. However, in addition to(More)
INTRODUCTION In the setting of early acute kidney injury (AKI), no test has been shown to definitively predict the progression to more severe stages. METHODS We investigated the ability of a furosemide stress test (FST) (one-time dose of 1.0 or 1.5 mg/kg depending on prior furosemide-exposure) to predict the development of AKIN Stage-III in 2 cohorts of(More)
BACKGROUND Lupus nephritis is divided into six classes and scored according to activity and chronicity indices based on histologic findings. Treatment differs based on the pathologic findings. Renal biopsy is currently the only way to accurately predict class and activity and chronicity indices. We propose to use patterns of abundance of urine proteins to(More)
Insect cell expression systems are used to characterize signaling components such as G protein-coupled receptors. As such, one must know whether endogenous G proteins couple to non-native receptors. We examined G protein linkages after infection of Sporodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells with a baculovirus encoding the 5-HT1A receptor. Receptor expression was(More)
Previous studies by another group have suggested that the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor antagonist rauwolscine may function as an agonist at the serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptor expressed in human brain. To directly test that hypothesis, we transfected the human 5-HT1A receptor cDNA into CHO cells and examined the ability of rauwolscine and its isomer,(More)