John Loughlin

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CONTENTS Economic Geography and Public Policy, by Richard Baldwin, Rikard Forslid, Philippe Martin, Gianmarco Ottaviano, and Frederic Robert-Nicoud. Review by Yannis M. Ioannides ..................................... APrimer onU.S.HousingMarkets andHousingPolicy, by Richard K. Green and Stephen Malpezzi. Review by Edward Coulson ............... A Social(More)
We have used Y-chromosomal polymorphisms to trace paternal lineages in Polynesians by use of samples previously typed for mtDNA variants. A genealogical approach utilizing hierarchical analysis of eight rare-event biallelic polymorphisms, seven microsatellite loci, and internal structural analysis of the hypervariable minisatellite, MSY1, has been used to(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability in Western society with multiple risk factors, including a complex genetic pattern. Identifying loci involved in the heredity of OA might lead to insights into the molecular pathogenesis of this common disorder. A previous genome scan mapped a primary hip OA susceptibility locus to chromosome 2q with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is recognized to have a genetic component, and in this study, we aimed to replicate in a case-control study of men and women with clinical knee OA genetic associations in 12 candidate genes previously reported to be associated with OA. METHODS Twenty-five single-nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 298 men and 305 women(More)
The human syndrome of dendritic cell, monocyte, B and natural killer lymphoid deficiency presents as a sporadic or autosomal dominant trait causing susceptibility to mycobacterial and other infections, predisposition to myelodysplasia and leukemia, and, in some cases, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Seeking a genetic cause, we sequenced the exomes of 4(More)
We have performed a meta-analysis combining data for more than 11,000 individuals. It provides compelling evidence for a positive association between a functional single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 5'-UTR of GDF5 (+104T/C; rs143383) and osteoarthritis (OA) in European and Asian populations. This SNP has recently been reported to be associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the interleukin-1 (IL-1) ligand gene cluster at 2q13 encodes for genetic susceptibility to primary osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism from within the IL-1 ligand genes IL1A, IL1B, and IL1RN were genotyped in a cohort of 557 OA(More)
Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a relatively mild and clinically variable osteochondrodysplasia, primarily characterized by delayed and irregular ossification of the epiphyses and early-onset osteoarthritis. Mutations in the genes encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and type IX collagen (COL9A2 and COL9A3) have previously been shown(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence has accumulated supporting a role for genes in the etiology of osteoarthritis (OA). Several candidates have been targeted as potential susceptibility loci including genes that are involved in the regulation of bone density. Genetic association analysis has suggested a role for the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) and the estrogen receptor(More)
From a prospective, cross-sectional survey of 402 patients who had a total hip (THR) or a total knee (TKR) replacement for idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) at a major centre, we determined the prevalence of these replacements for idiopathic OA in their 1171 siblings and 376 spouses. Using spouses as controls, the relative risk of THR in siblings was 1.86 (95%(More)