John Lindsay Orr

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Using a set of six baboons (Papio cynocephalus), we conducted a series of seven experiments designed to evaluate the potentially aversive character of a 60 Hz electric field (EF). Initially, the subjects were trained, using food rewards as the reinforcer, to respond only when a cue light was illuminated. Next, an EF was presented along with the cue light;(More)
An efficacious operant-conditioning procedure for psychophysical experiments with cats is described. The system features (a) restraint of the cat and the use of the liquid reinforcement delivery cup to control orientation with respect to the stimuli, (b) a minimum of apparatus between the cat and a free-field sound source, (c) two response pedals so that(More)
Experiments conducted with laboratory rodents indicate that exposure to 60 Hz electric fields or magnetic fields can suppress nocturnal melatonin concentrations in pineal gland and blood. In three experiments employing three field-exposed and three sham-exposed nonhuman primates, each implanted with an indwelling venous cannula to allow repeated blood(More)
  • John Orr, B A I Engineering, Donal O 'mahony
  • 2014
DECLARATION I hereby declare that this project is entirely my own work and that it has not been submitted as an exercise for a degree at this or any other university. _______________________________________________ _____________________ Name Date Acknowledgements I would like to thank my supervisor, Donal O'Mahony, for his advice and guidance during this(More)
Provenance: The records contained in this series are of multiple provenance. Most records originated with the Secretary of the Board of Trustees; they were received by the library over several years. Other records were assembled by J. M. Napier, county agent with the Cooperative Extension Service, and A. B. Bryan, a professor of English, who were asked by(More)
Because responses of animals to detection of the presence of an electric field (EF) are a possible mechanism for production of biological effects, it is important to know what EF intensities are detectable. Operant methods were used to train six baboons (Papio cynocephalus) to perform a psychophysical task involving detection of EF presence. During the(More)
We examined the effects of combined 60 Hz electric and magnetic field (EMF) exposure on performance of delayed match-to-sample (MTS) procedure involving the flash rate of a light as the stimulus. Six baboons (Papio cynocephalus) fully acquired the task; four others functioned accurately only when cued. All ten subjects were assigned to EMF-exposed or(More)
In two separate experiments, we examined the effects of a 60 Hz electric field (EF) on performance of an operant schedule consisting of two signaled components: fixed-ratio (FR30) and differential reinforcement of low-rate (DRL20). In each experiment, 12 naive baboons (Papio cynocephalus) were assigned randomly to either an EF-exposed experimental group or(More)
Acoustic startle reflexes are elicited by intense tone bursts but inhibited if weak bursts precede reflex elicitation. Rats were infected by intracerebral inoculation with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) at birth. Compared to control animals, infected animals had higher elicitation and inhibition thresholds and showed recruitment at intense(More)