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The development of a 10-item self-report scale (EPDS) to screen for Postnatal Depression in the community is described. After extensive pilot interviews a validation study was carried out on 84 mothers using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for depressive illness obtained from Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview. The EPDS was found to have(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether counselling by health visitors is helpful in managing postnatal depression. DESIGN Controlled, random order trial. SETTING Health centres in Edinburgh and Livingston. PATIENTS Sixty women identified as depressed by screening at six weeks post partum and by psychiatric interview at about 13 weeks post partum. Five women(More)
A sample of 113 women has been recruited for the Italian validation of Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS). These women, between the eighth and the twelfth week after delivery, were admnistered the EPDS and diagnosed according the DSM-III-R criteria using the MINI Interview. At the 8/9 cut-off score the sensitivity is 94.4%, specificity 87.4% and(More)
  • J L Cox
  • 1979
Two hundred and sixty three pregnant Ugandan women and 89 non-pregnant, non-puerperal women were interviewed using a semi-structured psychiatric questionnaire. Comparison of psychiatric morbidity between the control group and matched pregnant women showed an increased frequency of psychiatric morbidity in pregnant women. Separated pregnant women were(More)
The objective of the study was to establish the frequency of depression during pregnancy and the puerperium, and its relationship to marital disharmony and sociodemographic variables. A prospective longitudinal study was carried out in a district general hospital in the West Midlands, UK. The cohort consisted of 417 women booked for confinement at the(More)
In a two-stage screening procedure using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview, 232 women six months after delivery were compared with control women individually matched for age, marital status and number of children, obtained from general practitioner lists, who were not pregnant nor had had a baby in(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been no empirical research on the occurrence of antenatal psychiatric morbidity in Maltese women. Epidemiological studies have shown that depressive episodes occur in 10-20% of pregnant women. Furthermore, studies have shown that antenatal psychiatric morbidity can adversely affect maternal and foetal well being. METHOD A random sample(More)
The pathophysiology of the postpartum blues, common transient mood disorders in the first week postpartum, has remained elusive. Recently, however, it has been shown that depression and anxiety disorders are accompanied by activation of the inflammatory response system (IRS). This study was developed to determine whether the postnatal blues is associated(More)
A representative sample of 105 women were assessed by Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview (SPI) on two occasions during pregnancy and twice more in the puerperium. Total SPI scores increased significantly after childbirth. Thirteen of the sample had a severe postnatal depression and a further 17 women had milder depression, which in 15 lasted at(More)