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Existing Byzantine-resilient replication protocols satisfy two standard correctness criteria, safety and liveness, in the presence of Byzantine faults. In practice, however, faulty processors can, in some protocols, significantly degrade performance by causing the system to make progress at an extremely slow rate. While ldquocorrectrdquo in the traditional(More)
Existing Byzantine-resilient replication protocols satisfy two standard correctness criteria, safety and liveness, even in the presence of Byzantine faults. The runtime performance of these protocols is most commonly assessed in the absence of processor faults and is usually good in that case. However, faulty processors can significantly degrade the(More)
This paper presents the first hierarchical byzantine fault-tolerant replication architecture suitable to systems that span multiple wide-area sites. The architecture confines the effects of any malicious replica to its local site, reduces message complexity of wide-area communication, and allows read-only queries to be performed locally within a site for(More)
Constructing logical machines out of collections of physical machines is a well-known technique for improving the robustness and fault tolerance of distributed systems. We present a new, scalable replication architecture, built upon logical machines specifically designed to perform well in wide-area systems spanning multiple sites. The physical machines in(More)
This paper presents the first hierarchical Byzantine tolerant replication architecture suitable to systems that span multiple wide area sites. The architecture confines the effects of any malicious replica to its local site, reduces message complexity of wide area communication, and allows read-only queries to be performed locally within a site for the(More)
Mechanical circulatory support emerged for the pediatric population in the late 1980s as a bridge to cardiac transplantation. The Total Artificial Heart (TAH-t) (SynCardia Systems Inc., Tuscon, AZ) has been approved for compassionate use by the Food and Drug Administration for patients with end-stage biventricular heart failure as a bridge to heart(More)
This paper presents the first hierarchical Byzantine fault-tolerant replication architecture suitable to systems that span multiple wide area sites. The architecture confines the effects of any malicious replica to its local site, reduces message complexity of wide area communication, and allows read-only queries to be performed locally within a site for(More)
The Fontan procedure represents the final stage of the transition to single ventricle physiology. Conversion of very complex congenital heart anatomy, such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome, double-outlet right ventricle or double-inlet left ventricle, to a single ventricle has grown in popularity as morbidity and mortality have improved. As these patients(More)
This paper presents a hierarchical replication architecture, tailored to systems that span multiple wide-area sites, that enables free substitution of the fault tolerance method used in each position of the hierarchy. This unique approach enables customization based on perceived risks, balancing performance and fault tolerance, by deploying either a(More)
In this paper we identify a major security vulnerability in distributed systems: compromised clients under adversarial control can use the system within their authorized access rights and authenticated channels to deliberately insert incorrect data. A significant problem is that when a malicious client insider is discovered, it is hard to quickly assess the(More)