John L Stock

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Prevalent vertebral fractures and baseline bone mineral density (BMD) predict subsequent fracture risk. The objective of this analysis is to examine whether baseline vertebral fracture severity can predict new vertebral and nonvertebral fracture risk. In the randomized, double-blind 3-year Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial, 7705(More)
UNLABELLED In the CORE breast cancer trial of 4011 women continuing from MORE, the incidence of nonvertebral fractures at 8 years was similar between placebo and raloxifene 60 mg/day. CORE had limitations for assessing fracture risk. In a subset of 386 women, 7 years of raloxifene treatment significantly increased lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD compared(More)
The objective of the study was to evaluate a shortened osteoporosis quality of life questionnaire (OQLQ) in osteoporotic women with back pain due to vertebral fractures. From the longer 30-item OQLQ (four to nine items per domain) we created the mini-OQLQ by choosing the two items with the highest impact in each of five domains (symptoms, physical function,(More)
Although low absolute values of bone mineral density (BMD) predict increased fracture risk in osteoporosis, it is not certain how well increases in BMD with antiresorptive therapy predict observed reductions in fracture risk. This work examines the relationships between changes in BMD after 1 year or 3 years of raloxifene or placebo therapy and the risk for(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of the aminobisphosphonate alendronate sodium on bone mass and markers of bone remodeling were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-year study, 188 postmenopausal women, aged 42 to 75 years, with low bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine were randomly assigned(More)
Arzoxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) that has been shown to be more potent in preclinical testing than currently available agents. Its effects on clinical outcomes are not known. In a randomized, blinded trial, women aged 60 to 85 years with osteoporosis, defined as a femoral neck or lumbar spine bone mineral density T-score of -2.5(More)
UNLABELLED The double-blind, randomized raloxifene alendronate comparison trial was the first study designed to compare two osteoporosis therapies head-to-head for fracture risk reduction. The original protocol planned to treat 3000 postmenopausal women with alendronate 10 mg/day (ALN) or raloxifene 60 mg/day (RLX) for 5 years, and to recruit women (50-80(More)
PURPOSE Previously we have reported a significant increase in bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine and the hip and reductions in biochemical indices of bone turnover in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated with alendronate at various doses over 1 to 2 years. We have followed BMD and biochemical parameters in these patients for 1 or 2 years(More)
The effect of teriparatide and risedronate on back pain was tested, and there was no difference in the proportion of patients experiencing a reduction in back pain between groups after 6 or 18 months. Patients receiving teriparatide had greater increases in bone mineral density and had fewer vertebral fractures. This study aimed to understand the effect of(More)
Antiresorptive treatments for postmenopausal osteoporosis have been studied extensively, but due to the volume of published data and lack of head-to-head trials, it is difficult to evaluate and compare their fracture reduction efficacy. The objective of this review is to summarize the results from clinical trials that have fracture as an endpoint and to(More)