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Prevalent vertebral fractures and baseline bone mineral density (BMD) predict subsequent fracture risk. The objective of this analysis is to examine whether baseline vertebral fracture severity can predict new vertebral and nonvertebral fracture risk. In the randomized, double-blind 3-year Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation (MORE) trial, 7705(More)
UNLABELLED In the CORE breast cancer trial of 4011 women continuing from MORE, the incidence of nonvertebral fractures at 8 years was similar between placebo and raloxifene 60 mg/day. CORE had limitations for assessing fracture risk. In a subset of 386 women, 7 years of raloxifene treatment significantly increased lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD compared(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare event rates for osteoporotic fractures, cardiovascular events, and breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. DESIGN A prospective, observational study of the placebo group in the double-blind, randomized Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation trial. SETTING One hundred eighty clinical research centers in 25(More)
UNLABELLED The double-blind, randomized raloxifene alendronate comparison trial was the first study designed to compare two osteoporosis therapies head-to-head for fracture risk reduction. The original protocol planned to treat 3000 postmenopausal women with alendronate 10 mg/day (ALN) or raloxifene 60 mg/day (RLX) for 5 years, and to recruit women (50-80(More)
Stimulated monocytes produce prostaglandins that may play a role in bone resorption. We studied the effects of salmon calcitonin (sCT) on human monocyte production of various prostaglandin metabolites. Latex particle-stimulated human monocyte production of prostaglandin E2, thromboxane A2 measured as thromboxane B2, and prostacyclin measured as 6-keto-PGF1(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of the aminobisphosphonate alendronate sodium on bone mass and markers of bone remodeling were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-year study, 188 postmenopausal women, aged 42 to 75 years, with low bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine were randomly assigned(More)
Although low absolute values of bone mineral density (BMD) predict increased fracture risk in osteoporosis, it is not certain how well increases in BMD with antiresorptive therapy predict observed reductions in fracture risk. This work examines the relationships between changes in BMD after 1 year or 3 years of raloxifene or placebo therapy and the risk for(More)
Antiresorptive treatments for postmenopausal osteoporosis have been studied extensively, but due to the volume of published data and lack of head-to-head trials, it is difficult to evaluate and compare their fracture reduction efficacy. The objective of this review is to summarize the results from clinical trials that have fracture as an endpoint and to(More)
UNLABELLED Using data from a randomized placebo-controlled trial of 10,101 postmenopausal women not selected on the basis of osteoporosis, we examined whether the effect of raloxifene treatment on fractures was consistent across categories of fracture risk. Treatment with raloxifene for 5 yr reduced the risk of clinical vertebral fractures, but not(More)
Arzoxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) that has been shown to be more potent in preclinical testing than currently available agents. Its effects on clinical outcomes are not known. In a randomized, blinded trial, women aged 60 to 85 years with osteoporosis, defined as a femoral neck or lumbar spine bone mineral density T-score of -2.5(More)