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Nonthermal irreversible electroporation (NTIRE) is a new minimally invasive technique to treat cancer. It is unique because of its nonthermal mechanism of tumor ablation. Intracranial NTIRE procedures involve placing electrodes into the targeted area of the brain and delivering a series of short but intense electric pulses. The electric pulses induce(More)
OBJECT Nonthermal irreversible electroporation (NTIRE) is a novel, minimally invasive technique to treat cancer, which is unique because of its nonthermal mechanism of tumor ablation. This paper evaluates the safety of an NTIRE procedure to lesion normal canine brain tissue. METHODS The NTIRE procedure involved placing electrodes into a targeted area of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a debilitating genetic disorder characterized by severe muscle wasting and early death in afflicted boys. The primary cause of this disease is mutations in the dystrophin gene resulting in massive muscle degeneration and inflammation. The purpose of this study was to determine if dystrophic muscle pathology(More)
The gross and histopathologic findings seen in the stomach of rats treated with an H2-antagonist, tiotidine, will be presented. The data presented is from two studies, a six month oral (gavage) and dietary study in male rats, and a 12 month oral chronic toxicity study combined with a 24 month oncogenicity feeding study in rats. Significant findings in the(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a debilitating genetic disorder characterized by severe muscle wasting and early death in affected boys. The primary cause of this disease is mutations in the dystrophin gene that result in the absence of the protein dystrophin and the associated dystrophin-glycoprotein complex in the plasma membrane of muscle fibers. In(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a lethal muscle-wasting disease that affects boys. Mutations in the dystrophin gene result in the absence of the dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) from muscle plasma membranes. In healthy muscle fibers, the DGC forms a link between the extracellular matrix and the cytoskeleton to protect against contraction-induced(More)
Polymeric biomaterials have extensively been used in medicinal applications. However, factors that determine their biocompatibility are still not very clear. This article reviews various effects of the chemical structure and the surface properties of polymeric biomaterials on their biocompatibility, including protein adsorption, cell adhesion, cytotoxicity,(More)
Irreversible electroporation is a new technique to kill cells in targeted tissue, such as tumors, through a nonthermal mechanism using electric pulses to irrecoverably disrupt the cell membrane. Treatment effects relate to the tissue electric field distribution, which can be predicted with numerical modeling for therapy planning. Pulse effects will change(More)
Arsenic is a recognized reproductive toxicant in humans and induces malformations, especially neural tube defects, in laboratory animals. Early studies showed that murine malformations occurred only when a high dose of inorganic arsenic was given by intravenous or intraperitoneal injection in early gestation. Oral gavage of inorganic arsenic at maternally(More)
T cells upon activation are known to up-regulate CD44 expression. However, the precise function of CD44 on activated T cells is not clear. In this report, we demonstrate that signaling through CD44 plays an important role in activation-induced cell death (AICD). CD44 knockout (KO) mice had an elevated in vivo primary and in vitro secondary response to(More)