John L. Pearce

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15 20 25 2 ABSTRACT This paper presents the estimated response of three pollutants, ozone (O 3), particulate matter ≤ 10 µm (PM 10), and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2), to individual local meteorological variables in Melbourne, Australia, over the period of 1999 to 2006. The meteorological-pollutant relationships have been assessed after controlling for long-term(More)
High-altitude populations using biofuels for household energy may be at health risk due to a combination of altitudinal stress and indoor exposures to biomass smoke. In this article, the authors measure indoor and outdoor breathing level concentrations of PM(2.5) and CO during periods of meal preparation in a convenience sample of homes above 3000 m in(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure metrics that identify spatial contrasts in multipollutant air quality are needed to better understand multipollutant geographies and health effects from air pollution. Our aim is to improve understanding of: (1) long-term spatial distributions of multiple pollutants; and (2) demographic characteristics of populations residing within(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken at the United States Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, South Carolina to investigate radionuclide activity concentrations in litter and duff from select areas at SRS. Litter (i.e. vegetative debris) and duff (i.e. highly decomposed vegetative debris) can often be the major fuels consumed(More)
In the study described in this article, the authors' objective was to measure particles < or = 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) in outdoor waiting areas and patios of restaurants and bars in downtown Athens, Georgia, where indoor smoking is banned. The authors also wanted to investigate whether the measured concentrations(More)
29 The influence of synoptic-scale circulations on air quality is an area of increasing interest to 30 air quality management in regards to future climate change. This study presents an analysis 31 where the dominant synoptic " types " over the region of Melbourne, Australia are determined 32 and linked to regional air quality. First, a self-organising map(More)
BACKGROUND Recent interest in the health effects of air pollution focuses on identifying combinations of multiple pollutants that may be associated with adverse health risks. OBJECTIVE Present a methodology allowing health investigators to explore associations between categories of ambient air quality days (i.e., multipollutant day types) and adverse(More)
BACKGROUND Development of exposure metrics that capture features of the multipollutant environment are needed to investigate health effects of pollutant mixtures. This is a complex problem that requires development of new methodologies. OBJECTIVE Present a self-organizing map (SOM) framework for creating ambient air quality classifications that group days(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have identified the association between ambient temperature and mortality; however, several features of temperature behavior and their impacts on health remain unresolved. We obtain daily counts of nonaccidental all-cause mortality data in the elderly (65 + years) and corresponding meteorological data for Melbourne, Australia(More)