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A gene encoding the cholera toxin B subunit protein (CTB), fused to an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention signal (SEKDEL) was inserted adjacent to the bi-directional mannopine synthase P2 promoter in a plant expression vector containing a bacterial luciferase AB fusion gene (luxF) linked to the P1 promoter. Potato leaf explants were transformed by(More)
Although measurements of trunk flexibility are an important part of a clinical examination, subjective methods are usually used to assess spinal mobility. We studied three easily performed objective techniques for determining trunk flexibility (the common "fingertip-to-floor" test, the modified Schober and Moll tests, and the Loebl inclinometer method) and(More)
The clinical picture in and efficacy of physical treatment for pelvic floor myalgia were reviewed. The medical records of patients having a diagnosis of pyriformis syndrome, coccygodynia, levator ani spasm syndrome, proctalgia fugax, or rectal pain who had been seen at the Mayo Clinic and treated in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation(More)
Acrochordons are frequently encountered benign skin lesions that may occasionally represent underlying pathology. Pancreatic islet-cell tumors are rare neoplasms and few cases have been described in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). A 39-year-old man presenting in acute renal failure was referred to us for further diagnostic evaluation of(More)
The Urea Cycle Disorders Consortium (UCDC) was created as part of a larger network established by the National Institutes of Health to study rare diseases. This paper reviews the UCDC's accomplishments over the first 6years, including how the Consortium was developed and organized, clinical research studies initiated, and the importance of creating(More)
To determine which kind of knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) is more efficient, we measured energy expenditure in standing, walking with a walker, and walking with crutches by eight subjects using the Scott-Craig KAFO and a single-stopped long-leg KAFO. All subjects had complete motor paralysis below the level of their lesion and had been fully trained to use(More)
UNLABELLED We have analyzed pharmacokinetic data for glycerol phenylbutyrate (also GT4P or HPN-100) and sodium phenylbutyrate with respect to possible dosing biomarkers in patients with urea cycle disorders (UCD). STUDY DESIGN These analyses are based on over 3000 urine and plasma data points from 54 adult and 11 pediatric UCD patients (ages 6-17) who(More)
Whether transection of the spinal cord, above the level of the sympathetic outflow to the gastrointestinal tract, alters human upper gastrointestinal function is yet unknown. In 5 patients with complete high-cord transection (neurologic level above T1), 3 patients with complete low-cord transections (neurologic level T10 or below), and 4 age- and(More)
We studied the effectiveness of methenamine mandelate in preventing urinary tract infection in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction who were in a program of intermittent catheterization and bladder retraining. Nine of 17 patients (53%) became infected while receiving the drug, whereas 19 of 22 patients (86%) in a placebo group became infected during(More)