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  • J L Lehr
  • 1983
A truncated-view artifact in CT is produced whenever any part of the patient or imaged object is present in some but not all of the views obtained for a slice. The potential to create images with this artifact exists for any CT scanner in which the fan beam (or its equivalent) does not cover the entire gantry aperture. This includes most CT systems(More)
We tested the response of nine barbiturate-anesthetized dogs to high-frequency ventilation (HFV) (40-55 ml tidal volumes at 15 Hz) while measuring and controlling lung volume and blood gases. When lung volume and PCO2 were held constant, six of the nine responded to HFV by lengthening expiration. In each of these six dogs the maximal response was apnea. The(More)
We recorded the responses of 21 slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (PSRs) and 8 rapidly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors (RARs) from the vagi of anesthetized open-chest dogs to high-frequency ventilation (HFV) at 15 Hz, at constant mean end-expiratory lung volume, and constant end-tidal PCO2. HFV applied in this way has been shown to prolong(More)
Six patients with chronic respiratory failure received mechanical ventilation with tidal volumes less than or equal to the dead-space volume, at frequencies of 30 to 900 breaths per minute. The rate of elimination of carbon dioxide from the ventilator system during a brief trial of high-frequency ventilation accurately predicted the long-term effectiveness(More)
At high oscillation frequencies (4 to 30 hertz), effective alveolar ventilation can be achieved with tidal volumes much smaller than the anatomic dead space. An explanation of this phenomenon is given in terms of the combined effects of diffusion and convection and in terms of data consistent with the hypothesis. Theory and experimental results both show(More)
We have evaluated the accuracy of CT numbers produced by a prototype dual energy system. Solutions of known composition were scanned in simple cylindrical phantoms and the observed CT values in synthetic monochromatic images were compared with the expected values computed from published cross-section data. Although accuracy varied with both the composition(More)
Recent studies have shown that effective pulmonary ventilation is possible with tidal volumes (VT) less than the anatomic dead-space if the oscillatory frequency (f) is sufficiently large. We systematically studied the effect on pulmonary CO2 elimination (VCO2) of varying f (2-30 Hz) and VT (1-7 ml/kg) as well as lung volume (VL) in 13 anesthetized,(More)
Detection studies of simulated low-contrast radiographic patterns were performed with a high-quality digital image processing system. The original images, prepared with conventional screen-film systems, were processed digitally to enhance contrast by a "windowing" technique. The detectability of simulated patterns was quantified in terms of the results of(More)
No rational approach has evolved for selecting operating conditions for clinical application of high-frequency ventilation (HFV). To this end, we divide our discussion of HFV into considerations of mechanics versus transport, and treat the latter as a constraint. After describing some of the phenomena that influence distending pressure (and its(More)