John L Hudson

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Recently, a novel glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been identified, cloned, and shown to have potent survival- and growth-promoting activity on fetal rat midbrain dopaminergic neurons in cell culture. In this study, we document marked and long-lasting effects on adult rat midbrain dopaminergic neurons in vivo after intracranial(More)
In the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease, controversy exists concerning the use of apomorphine- or D-amphetamine-induced rotations as reliable indicators of nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. Our objective was to evaluate which, if either, drug-induced behavior is more predictive of the extent of nigrostriatal(More)
Fischer 344 rats were unilaterally injected into the medial forebrain bundle with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Apomorphine-induced rotational behavior was used to select animals whose rotation exceeded 300 turns/h, corresponding to greater than 95% dopamine (DA) depletion in the ipsilateral striatum. Four weeks later, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic(More)
Unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the nigrostriatal pathway in rats result in a massive dopamine (DA) denervation of the ipsilateral striatum. Such animals have proven extremely useful as a model for the study of Parkinson's disease, an idiopathic neurodegenerative disorder of humans. Extensive unilateral DA disruption leaves the rat relatively normal(More)
The ability of grafted fetal ventral mesencephalic dopaminergic (DAergic) neuroblasts to reinnervate the unilaterally DA denervated rat striatum and improve motoric asymmetry has been well documented in several laboratories. The importance of host target specificity, and catecholamine (CA) neurotransmitter species, in the ability of grafts to ameliorate(More)
Rapid chronoamperometric recordings, using Nafion-coated carbon-fiber electrodes (30-90 microns o.d.), were used to investigate overflow and uptake of dopamine (DA) in the striatum of normal and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated rhesus monkeys. The monkeys were anesthetized with isoflurane and placed in a stereotaxic apparatus.(More)
Microglia express cytokines, major histocompatibility (MHC) loci, and several other immunologically important constituents. The aim of this study was to detect immunological responses of microglial cells following allogeneic dopaminergic transplantation using active and adoptive immunizations. Adult inbred Fisher 344 (F344 RT1) rats were unilaterally(More)
To define the importance of adoptive sensitization and duration of graft residence on transplant alloimmunization, behavioral and histochemical parameters were examined in unilaterally 6-OHDA-lesioned F344 rat hosts which received fetal ventral mesencephalic (VM) grafts from Wistar-Furth (WF) donors. In all animals which showed increased rotations after(More)
It has been suggested that levodopa (L-dopa), a dopamine precursor used to treat Parkinson's disease, may be toxic to grafted fetal neuroblasts; if so, the use of the monoamine oxidase B inhibitor selegiline might prevent such toxicity. We randomly assigned 30 unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned male Sprague-Dawley rats, whose lesions were verified with(More)
Fetal central nervous system transplants to the adult brain have been utilized to understand brain connectivity and as replacement therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we use fetal brain allografting in the rat unilaterally depleted of dopamine, a unilateral model of PD, and apomorphine-induced rotations as an index of graft functional status while(More)