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Presented in this work are the results of a study designed to investigate the impact of the valve metering chamber volume and actuator design on the aerodynamic particle size distribution (PSD) of a suspension metered dose inhaler (MDI) containing propellant HFA-227. It was hypothesized that the valve metering volume and the actuator design in the MDI could(More)
Presented in this work are the results of a study designed to investigate the impact of valve lubricant (i.e., silicone oil) on the aerodynamic particle size distribution (PSD) of a steroid suspension metered dose inhaler (MDI) containing propellant HFA-227. The objective of this study was to explore whether the valve lubricant, which is often used in MDI(More)
An interlaminar reinforcement using aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is demonstrated for prepreg uni-directional carbon tape composites. Aligned CNTs are grown at high temperature and then transfer-printed to prepreg at room temperature, maintaining CNT alignment in the through-thickness direction. In initial testing, the CNT-modified interface is observed(More)
A hybrid composite architecture of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), advanced fibers and a matrix is described, from CNT synthesis and characterization through to standard mechanical and electrical laminate tests. Direct growth of aligned CNTs on the surface of advanced fibers in a woven fabric enables enhancement in multifunctional laminate performance, as(More)
Pharmaceutical inhalers are often used to treat pulmonary diseases. Only active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) particles from these inhalers that are less than approximately 5 microm are likely to reach the lung and be efficacious. This study was designed to investigate the impact of micronized API particle size on the aerodynamic particle size(More)
It is well-known that carbon nanotube (CNT) growth from a dense arrangement of catalyst nanoparticles creates a vertically aligned CNT forest. CNT forests offer attractive anisotropic mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties, and their anisotropic structure is enabled by the self-organization of a large number of CNTs. This process is governed by(More)
The solid map provides a view-independent method for solid tex-turing using an ordinary 2-D surface texture map. The solid map transforms a model's polygons into 2-D texture space without overlap. It then rasterizes the polygons in this space, interpolating the solid texture coordinates across the pixels of the polygon. These stored solid texture(More)
Advanced composites, such as those used in aerospace applications, employ a high volume fraction of aligned stiff fibers embedded in high-performance polymers. Unlike advanced composites, polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) employ low volume fraction filler-like concepts with randomly-oriented and poorly controlled morphologies due to difficult issues such as(More)